Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Cattle, Western Turkey

Ethem Mutlu TemizelComments to Author , Kadir Yesilbag, Carrie Batten, Sezgin Senturk, Narender S. Maan, Peter Paul Clement Mertens, and Hasan Batmaz
Author affiliations: Uludag University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gorukle, Turkey (E.M. Temizel, K. Yesilbag, S. Senturk, H. Batmaz); Institute for Animal Health, Woking, UK (C. Batten, N.S. Maan, P.P.C. Mertens)

Main Article

Table 2

Vital signs of cattle tested for EHD, Turkey, 2007*

EHD status† Temperature,
°C Heart rate, beats/min Respiratory rate,
breaths/min Mucous membranes Enlarged lymph nodes Rumen motility, contractions/5 min
Suspected (n = 41) 37.5–39.2 72 ± 3‡ 24 ± 4‡ Cyanotic (n = 2) ND 0–12
PCR+ (n = 1) 40.5 110 52 Cyanotic Prescapular,
submandibular 0
Seropositive (n = 1) 41.1 104 48 Hyperemic None 1
Virus isolated (n = 6) 39.7–40.6 68–86 32–56 Normal color Submandibular 
(n = 1) 0–4

*EHD, epizootic hemorrhagic disease; ND, not detected.
†PCR, ELISA, and virus isolation were performed on selected samples from the 41 samples (11 whole blood samples, 4 serum samples, and 15 supernatant samples from the baby hamster kidney cells). The virus-positive animals were PCR negative.
‡Mean, ± SEM.

Main Article

Page created: December 08, 2010
Page updated: December 08, 2010
Page reviewed: December 08, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.