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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009


Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Cattle, Western Turkey

Ethem Mutlu TemizelComments to Author , Kadir Yesilbag, Carrie Batten, Sezgin Senturk, Narender S. Maan, Peter Paul Clement Mertens, and Hasan Batmaz
Author affiliations: Uludag University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gorukle, Turkey (E.M. Temizel, K. Yesilbag, S. Senturk, H. Batmaz); Institute for Animal Health, Woking, UK (C. Batten, N.S. Maan, P.P.C. Mertens)

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Table 2

Vital signs of cattle tested for EHD, Turkey, 2007*

EHD status† Temperature,
°C Heart rate, beats/min Respiratory rate,
breaths/min Mucous membranes Enlarged lymph nodes Rumen motility, contractions/5 min
Suspected (n = 41) 37.5–39.2 72 ± 3‡ 24 ± 4‡ Cyanotic (n = 2) ND 0–12
PCR+ (n = 1) 40.5 110 52 Cyanotic Prescapular,
submandibular 0
Seropositive (n = 1) 41.1 104 48 Hyperemic None 1
Virus isolated (n = 6) 39.7–40.6 68–86 32–56 Normal color Submandibular 
(n = 1) 0–4

*EHD, epizootic hemorrhagic disease; ND, not detected.
†PCR, ELISA, and virus isolation were performed on selected samples from the 41 samples (11 whole blood samples, 4 serum samples, and 15 supernatant samples from the baby hamster kidney cells). The virus-positive animals were PCR negative.
‡Mean, ± SEM.

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