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Volume 15, Number 9—September 2009


Extrapulmonary Infections Associated with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Immunocompetent Persons

Claudio PiersimoniComments to Author  and Claudio Scarparo
Author affiliations: United Hospitals, Ancona, Italy (C. Piersimoni); Santa Maria della Misericordia University Hospital, Udine, Italy (C. Scarparo)

Main Article

Table 3

Skin and soft tissue infections caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria

Type of infection or procedure Mycobacterium spp. Clinical findings
Posttraumatic wound infections M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. abscessus, M. wolinskyi, M. goodii, M. porcinum Subcutaneous abscesses, cellulitis
Pedicures M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. mageritense Furunculosis
Subcutaneous, intraarticular, or periarticular Injections M. chelonae, M. abscessus Subcutaneous abscesses, painful nodules, multiple sinus tracts, joint infections, fever, chills after injection
Acupuncture M. abscessus, M. chelonae, M. nonchromogenicum Erythematous papules, nodules, ulcerative lesions, abscesses, confluent plaques, draining sinus tracts with discharge, wrist tenosynovitis
Cardiac surgery M. peregrinum, M. fortuitum, M. fortuitum (third biovariant) complex, M. wolinskyi, M. goodii, M. abscessus Sternal wound infection, endocarditis
Cosmetic surgery or other surgical procedures: liposuction, liposculpture,
face lift, breast lift (reduction augmentation), silicon injection M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. chelonae, M. porcinum, M. wolinskyi, M. goodii Erythema, tenderness, nodules, skin induration, subcutaneous or deep-tissue abscesses, fever, malaise, multiple abscesses along original suction tracts, draining sinus tracts, local pain, swelling
Nipple piercing M. fortuitum, M. abscessus Asymptomatic nodules, tender nodules
Implanted with prosthetic material M. abscessus, M. goodii Abscesses
Pacemaker placement M. fortuitum, M. abscessus, M. wolinskyi Abscesses
Peritoneal dialysis catheter M. abscessus Abscesses

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