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Volume 16, Number 11—November 2010


Typhoid Fever among Children, Ghana

Florian Marks, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Frank Hünger, Nimako Sarpong, Samuel Ekuban, Alex Agyekum, Bernard Nkrumah, Norbert G. Schwarz, Michael O. Favorov, Christian G. MeyerComments to Author , and Jürgen May
Author affiliations: International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea (F. Marks, M.O. Favorov); Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (Y. Adu-Sarkodie); Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi (F. Hünger, N. Sarpong, S. Ekuban, A. Agyekum, B. Nkrumah); Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (N.G. Schwarz, C.G. Meyer, J. May)

Main Article


Estimates of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi incidence in children, Ghana, September 2007–November 2008

Age group, y No. S. enterica 
ser. Typhi isolates* Coverage population† Incidence‡ 
(95% confidence interval)
0–15 16 14,933 120 (70 to 170)
<2 1 2,133 50 (–30 to 140)
2–<5 8 3,200 290 (120 to 450)
5–<8 5 2,880 200 (50 to 340)
8–<11 1 2,880 40 (–30 to 110)
11–<15 1 3,840 30 (–20 to 80)

*Observation period 15 mo (period of complete and uninterrupted assessment of blood culture data).
†No. residents of each community with access to Agogo Presbyterian Hospital.
‡Per 100,000 persons per year.

Main Article