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Volume 16, Number 12—December 2010


Wild Chimpanzees Infected with 5 Plasmodium Species

Marco Kaiser, Anna Löwa, Markus Ulrich, Heinz Ellerbrok, Adeelia S. Goffe, Anja Blasse, Zinta Zommers, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Fred Babweteera, Klaus Zuberbühler, Sonja Metzger, Sebastian Geidel, Christophe Boesch, Thomas R. Gillespie, and Fabian H. LeendertzComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Robert Koch-Institute, Berlin, Germany (M. Kaiser, A. Löwa, H. Ellerbrok, A.S. Goffe, A. Blasse, F.H. Leendertz); GenExpress GmbH, Berlin (M. Kaiser, M. Ulrich); University of Oxford, Tubney Abingdon, UK (A.S. Goffe, Z. Zommers); LANADA/LCPA, Bingerville, Côte d’Ivoire (E. Couacy-Hymann); Budongo Conservation Field Station, Masindi, Uganda (F. Babweteera, K. Zuberbühler); University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland, UK (K. Zuberbühler); Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany (S. Metzger, S. Geidel, C. Boesch, F.H. Leendertz); Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (T.R. Gillespie)

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Tissue and fecal samples from wild chimpanzees examined for Plasmodium species, Tai National Park, Cote d’Ivoire, and Budongo Forest, Uganda*

Fecal samples, n = 30 Positive qPCR results
P. t. verus 21 (2) P. gaboni GU815519 (CytB)
P. t. schweinfuthii 12 (3) P. reichenowi P. gaboni GU815520–22 (CytB)

*All chimpanzees were Pan troglodytes verus from Tai except P. t. schweinfuthii chimpanzees, which were from Budongo Forest. Parentheses indicate the number of samples for which sequences were obtained and used for phylogenetic tree analyses. Neg, negative; qPCR, quantitative PCR.

Main Article