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Volume 16, Number 12—December 2010


Bartonella spp. in Bats, Kenya

Michael Y. KosoyComments to Author , Ying Bai, Tarah Lynch, Ivan V. Kuzmin, Michael Niezgoda, Richard Franka, Bernard Agwanda, Robert F. Breiman, and Charles E. Rupprecht
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (M. Kosoy, Y. Bai, T. Lynch); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (I.V. Kuzmin, M. Niezgoda, R. Franka, C.E. Rupprecht); National Museum of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya (B. Agwanda); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Kenya, Nairobi (R.F. Breiman)

Main Article


Prevalence of culture-positive test results for Bartonella spp. among bat species, Kenya*

Bat species No. tested No. (%) positive Relative risk p value
Miniopterus spp. 87 49 (56) 2.41 <0.0001
Eidolon helvum 88 23 (26) NS
Rousettus aegyptiacus 105 22 (21) 0.6 <0.01
Coleura afra 9 4 (44) NS
Triaenops persicus 8 7 (88) 2.85 <0.001
Hipposideros commersoni 4 1 (25) NS
Epomophorus spp. 23 0 Not defined† <0.01
Rhinolophus spp. 6 0 Not defined†
Chaerephon sp. 1 0 Not defined†

*Relative risk was calculated by comparing proportions positive for each bat species compared with that for all other bats. NS, not statistically significant.
†Relative risk is <1 but is not defined because of 0 in 1 of the cells.

Main Article