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Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010


Preparing a Community Hospital to Manage Work-related Exposures to Infectious Agents in BioSafety Level 3 and 4 Laboratories

George F. RisiComments to Author , Marshall E. Bloom, Nancy P. Hoe, Thomas Arminio, Paul Carlson, Tamara Powers, Heinz Feldmann, and Deborah Wilson
Author affiliations: Infectious Disease Specialists, PC, Missoula, Montana, USA (G.F. Risi); St. Patrick Hospital and Health Sciences Center, Missoula (T. Powers); National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (G.F. Risi, N.P. Hoe, T. Arminio, P. Carlson, D. Wilson); Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana, USA (M.E. Bloom, H. Feldmann)

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Table 1

BSL-4 laboratories planned or operational, 2009*

Location Status
United States
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 
 Atlanta, GA, USA A
Georgia State University Viral Immunology 
 Center, Atlanta A
Boston University National Emerging Infectious 
 Disease Laboratories, Boston, MA, USA NA
United States Army Medical Research Institute 
 of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, MD, USA A
Department of Homeland Security National 
 Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures 
 Center, Frederick, MD, USA NA
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious 
Integrated Research Facility, Frederick NA
Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, MT, 
Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research,
 San Antonio, TX, USA A
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, 
Robert E. Shope MD BSL-4 Laboratory A
Galveston National Biocontainment 
Other countries
Geelong, Victoria, Australia A
Winnipeg, Ontario, Canada A
Taiwan NA
London and Salisbury, UK A, A
Lyon, France A
Libreville, Gabon A
Hamburg, Marburg, Berlin, and Greifswald, 
 Germany A, A, A, NA
Pune, India NA
Rome, Italy A
Bilthoven, the Netherlands A
Novosibirsk, Russia A
Sandringham, South Africa NA
Solna, Sweden A
Geneva and Spiez, Switzerland A, NA

*BSL-4, BioSafety Level 4; A, active; NA, nonactive.

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