Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 16, Number 4—April 2010
Dispatch

Sympatric Occurrence of 3 Arenaviruses, Tanzania

Joëlle Goüy de BellocqComments to Author , Benny Borremans, Abdul Katakweba, Rhodes Makundi, Stuart J.E. Baird, Beate Becker-Ziaja, Stephan Günther, and Herwig Leirs
Author affiliations: University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium (J. Goüy de Bellocq, B. Borremans, H. Leirs); Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania (A. Katakweba, R. Makundi); Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, Vairão, Portugal (J. Goüy de Bellocq, S.J.E. Baird); Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (B. Becker-Ziaja, S. Günther); University of Aarhus, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark (H. Leirs)

Main Article

Figure

Neighbor-joining tree of Old World arenaviruses, showing position of 2 arenaviruses found in blood samples of Lemniscomys rosalia and Mus minutoides mice (boldface), based on the analysis of partial sequences of the RNA polymerase gene. Phylogeny was estimated by neighbor-joining of amino acid pairwise distance in MEGA 4 (10). Numbers represent percentage bootstrap support (1,000 replicates). Two New World arenaviruses, Pirital and Pichinde, were used as outgroups. See Table 2 for virus strains

Figure. Neighbor-joining tree of Old World arenaviruses, showing position of 2 arenaviruses found in blood samples of Lemniscomys rosalia and Mus minutoides mice (boldface), based on the analysis of partial sequences of the RNA polymerase gene. Phylogeny was estimated by neighbor-joining of amino acid pairwise distance in MEGA 4 (10). Numbers represent percentage bootstrap support (1,000 replicates). Two New World arenaviruses, Pirital and Pichinde, were used as outgroups. See Table 2 for virus strains and GenBank accession numbers. Scale bar indicates amino acid substitutions per site. LCMV, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.

Main Article

References
  1. Charrel  RN, De Lamballerie  X, Emonet  S. Phylogeny of the genus Arenavirus. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008;11:3628. DOIPubMed
  2. Briese  T, Paweska  JT, McMullan  LK, Hutchison  SK, Street  C, Palacios  G, Genetic detection and characterization of Lujo virus, a new hemorrhagic fever–associated arenavirus from southern Africa. PLoS Pathog. 2009;5:e1000455.5556.
  3. Lecompte  E, Fichet-Calvet  E, Daffis  S, Koulémou  K, Sylla  O, Kourouma  F, Mastomys natalensis and Lassa fever, West Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:19714.PubMed
  4. Johnson  KM, Taylor  P, Elliott  LH, Tomori  O. Recovery of a Lassa-related arenavirus in Zimbabwe. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1981;30:12913.PubMed
  5. Wulff  H, McIntosh  BM, Hamner  DB, Johnson  KM. Isolation of an arenavirus closely related to Lassa virus from Mastomys natalensis in south-east Africa. Bull World Health Organ. 1977;55:4414.PubMed
  6. Günther  S, Hoofd  G, Charrel  R, Röser  C, Becker-Ziaja  B, Lloyd  G, Mopeia virus–related arenavirus in natal multimammate mice, Morogoro, Tanzania. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:200812. DOIPubMed
  7. Leirs  H. Population ecology of Mastomys natalensis (Smith, 1834). Implications for rodent control in Africa. Agricultural ed. no. 35. Brussels: Belgian Administration for Development Cooperation; 1994.
  8. Vieth  S, Drosten  C, Lenz  O, Vincent  M, Omilabu  S, Hass  M, RT-PCR assay for detection of Lassa virus and related Old World arenaviruses targeting the L gene. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007;101:125364. DOIPubMed
  9. Hall  TA. Bioedit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser. 1999;41:958.
  10. Tamura  K, Dudley  J, Nei  M, Kumar  S. MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol Biol Evol. 2007;24:15969. DOIPubMed
  11. Lecompte  E, ter Meulen  J, Emonet  S, Daffis  S, Charrel  RN. Genetic identification of Kodoko virus, a novel arenavirus of the African pigmy mouse (Mus Nannomys minutoides) in West Africa. Virology. 2007;364:17883. DOIPubMed
  12. Swanepoel  R, Leman  PA, Shepherd  AJ, Shepherd  SP, Kiley  MP, McCormick  JB. Identification of Ippy as a Lassa fever–related virus. Lancet. 1985;1:639. DOIPubMed
  13. Salvato  MS, Clegg  JCS, Buchmeier  MJ, Charrel  RN, Gonzales  JP, Lukashevich  IS, V: Family Arenaviridae. In: Van Regenmortel MHV, Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA, editors. Virus taxonomy. Eighth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego (CA): Elsevier Academic Press;2005;725–38.
  14. Gonzalez  JP. Les arenavirus d’Afrique: un nouveau paradigme d’evolution. Bull Inst Pasteur. 1986;84:6785.
  15. Kiley  MP, Swanepoel  R, Mitchell  SW, Lange  JV, Gonzalez  JP, McCormick  JB. Serological and biological evidence that Lassa-complex arenaviruses are widely distributed in Africa. Med Microbiol Immunol (Berl). 1986;175:1613. DOI

Main Article

Page created: December 28, 2010
Page updated: December 28, 2010
Page reviewed: December 28, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external