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Volume 16, Number 6—June 2010

Variations in Human Herpesvirus Type 8 Seroprevalence in Native Americans, South America

Vanda A.U.F. Souza, Francisco M. Salzano, Maria Luiza Petzl-Erler, Maria Claudia Nascimento, Philippe Mayaud, Jaila Dias Borges, and Claudio S. PannutiComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (V.A.U.F. Souza, C.S. Pannuti, M.C. Nascimento, J.D. Borges); Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (F.M. Salzano); Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil (M.L. Petzl-Erler); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (M.C. Nascimento, P. Mayaud).

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Table 2

Previous human herpesvirus type 8 seroprevalence studies in Amazonian Native American populations*

Population† No. positive/no. tested (%) HHV-8 assay used‡ Reference
Wai Wai, Brazil 275/339 (81) IFA-LANA, IFA-Lytic (5)
Zoé, Brazil 18/49 (37) EIA-ORF59/0RF65/K8.1 (4)
Emerillon, French Guiana 12/78 (15) IFA-Lytic (ABI test) (6)
Palikur, French Guiana 22/167 (13) IFA-Lytic (ABI test) (6)
Wayana, French Guiana 41/144 (28) IFA-Lytic (ABI test) (6)
Wayampi, French Guiana 93/302 (31) IFA-Lytic (ABI test) (6)
Wayampi, Brazil 85/123 (69) IFA-LANA, IFA-Lytic (3)
Wayampi, Brazil 28/33 (85) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Tiriyó, Brazil 381/664 (57) IFA-LANA, IFA-Lytic (3)
Tiriyó, Brazil 30/35 (86) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Tiriyó, Brazil 24/56 (43) EIA-ORF59/0RF65/K8.1 (4)
Huaroni, Ecuador 38/38 (100) IFA-LANA, EIA-K8.1, EIA-ORF73 (7)
Siona, Ecuador 10/41 (24) IFA-LANA, EIA-K8.1, EIA-ORF73 (7)
Apalaí, Brazil 8/44 (18) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Arara-Laranja, Brazil 18/92 (20) EIA-ORF59/0RF65/K8.1 (4)
Arara-Laranjal, Brazil 0/11 (0) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Kararao, Brazil 6/24 (25) EIA-ORF59/0RF65/K8.1 (4)
Asurini-Koatinemo, Brazil 7/10 (70) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Munduruku, Brazil 36/40 (90) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Araweté, Brazil 12/17 (71) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Parakanã, Brazil 27/30 (90) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Xikrin, Brazil 20/34 (59) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Karitiana, Brazil 12/25 (48) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Suruí, Brazil 15/17 (88) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Mekranoti, Brazil 34/52 (65) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)
Cinta Larga, Brazil 1/14 (7) IFA-LANA, EIA w-virus (2)

*ABI, Advanced Biotechnologies Inc (Columbia, MD, USA); EIA, enzyme immunoassay; IFA, immunofluorescence assay; LANA, latency-associated nuclear antigen; ORF, open reading frame; w-virus, whole-virus assay.
†Listed in north-south gradient (Figure).
‡Only series with >10 persons are presented.

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