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Volume 16, Number 8—August 2010


Household Effects of School Closure during Pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Pennsylvania, USA

Thomas L. GiftComments to Author , Rakhee S. Palekar, Samir V. Sodha, Charlotte K. Kent, Ryan P. Fagan, W. Roodly Archer, Paul J. Edelson, Tiffany Marchbanks, Achuyt Bhattarai, David L. Swerdlow, Stephen Ostroff, Martin I. Meltzer, and for the Pennsylvania H1N1 Working Group
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (T.L. Gift, R.S. Palekar, S.V. Sodha, C.K. Kent, R.P. Fagan, W.R. Archer, P.J. Edelson, A. Bhattarai, D. Swerdlow, M.I. Meltzer); Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA (T. Marchbanks, S. Ostroff)

Main Article

Table 2

Predictors of households reporting days of work missed to watch children during school closure for pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Pennsylvania, USA*†

Variable OR Adjusted OR‡
Oldest student with ILI 1.22
Any student with ILI 1.20
Any child with ILI 1.16
Any adult with ILI 1.67
Single adult 1.50
Single child 2.02§ 2.02§
All adults work 2.35¶ 2.08
Household income above median income 2.62¶ 2.31¶

*OR, odds ratio; ILI, influenza-like illness.
†When a household had >1 child attending the school that was closed, we asked about time taken from work to watch the oldest child.
‡Adjusted OR estimated by logistic regression.

Main Article

1Members of the Pennsylvania H1N1 Working Group are listed at the end of this article.

1Members of the Pennsylvania H1N1 Working Group: from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, W. Roodly Archer, Frederick J. Angulo, John Beltrami, Achuyt Bhattarai, Paul J. Edelson, Ryan P. Fagan, Anthony Fiore, Thomas L. Gift, George S. Han, Charlotte K. Kent, Rebecca Leap, Amanda M. McWhorter, Martin I. Meltzer, Michael D. Nguyen, Benjamin L. Nygren, Rakhee S. Palekar; and from the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Phyllis Britz, Brent Ennis, James Lute, Tiffany Marchbanks, Maria Moll, Steven Ostroff, Owen Simwale.