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Volume 17, Number 11—November 2011
THEME ISSUE
CHOLERA IN HAITI
Dispatches

Cholera in United States Associated with Epidemic in Hispaniola

Anna E. NewtonComments to Author , Katherine E. Heiman, Ann Schmitz, Tom Török, Andria Apostolou, Heather Hanson, Prabhu Gounder, Susan Bohm, Katie Kurkjian, Michele B. Parsons, Deborah Talkington, Steven Stroika, Lawrence C. Madoff, Franny Elson, David Sweat, Venessa Cantu, Okey Akwari, Barbara E. Mahon, and Eric D. Mintz
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.E. Newton, K.E. Heiman, A. Schmitz, T. Török, A. Apostolou, P. Gounder, K. Kurkjian, M. Parsons, D. Talkington, S. Stroika, B.E. Mahon, E.D. Mintz); Atlanta Research and Education Foundation Inc., Decatur, Georgia, USA (A.E. Newton, K.E. Heiman); Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida, USA (A. Schmitz, T. Török); New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Trenton, New Jersey, USA (A. Apostolou); New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA (H. Hanson, P. Gounder); Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, Michigan, USA (S. Bohm); Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, Virginia, USA (K. Kurkjian); Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, USA (L.C. Madoff, F. Elson); North Carolina Division of Public Health, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (D. Sweat); Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, USA (V. Cantu); Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Houston, Texas, USA (O. Akwari)

Main Article

Table 2

Selected exposures during 4 d (7 d for body of water exposure) before illness onset in 23 cholera patients, United States, October 21, 2010–February 4, 2011*

Exposure No. persons exposed No. case-patients with information available
Foodborne
Street-vended food 1 20
Cooked seafood 9 20
Raw seafood
3
18
Waterborne
Any body of water† 7 20
Swimming/bathing 3 6
Well water (drinking)
1
1
Other
Seafood handled 1 7
Person(s) with cholera or cholera-like illness 5 19

*Exposures were not investigated further.
†Water exposures include local lake and stream of water running down a street in Haiti; a pool in the Dominican Republic; ocean (Dominican Republic); unspecified location in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; and a tank at a medical center in Haiti. Two case-patients did not specify body of water exposure.

*Exposures were not investigated further.
†Water exposures include local lake and stream of water running down a street in Haiti; a pool in the Dominican Republic; ocean (Dominican Republic); unspecified location in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; and a tank at a medical center in Haiti. Two case-patients did not specify body of water exposure.

*Exposures were not investigated further.
†Water exposures include local lake and stream of water running down a street in Haiti; a pool in the Dominican Republic; ocean (Dominican Republic); unspecified location in Port-au-Prince, Haiti; and a tank at a medical center in Haiti. Two case-patients did not specify body of water exposure.

Main Article

Page created: October 26, 2011
Page updated: January 11, 2012
Page reviewed: January 11, 2012
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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