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Volume 17, Number 4—April 2011


Effects of Hand Hygiene Campaigns on Incidence of Laboratory-confirmed Influenza and Absenteeism in Schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt

Maha TalaatComments to Author , Salma Afifi, Erica Dueger, Nagwa El-Ashry, Anthony Marfin, Amr Kandeel, Emad Mohareb, and Nasr El-Sayed
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3), Cairo, Egypt (M. Talaat, S. Afifi, E. Dueger, A. Marfin, E. Mohareb); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (E. Dueger, A. Marfin); Ministry of Health, Cairo (N. El-Ashry, A. Kandeel, N. El-Sayed)

Main Article

Table 1

Hand hygiene campaign activities in intervention schools, Cairo, Egypt, February 16–May 12, 2008

Exercises, by week School-based activities Specific school initiatives
1. Game to explain germ theory Obligatory handwashing twice daily for students under supervision Handwashing champion of the week
2. How to wash hands Soap made available Theater play
3. Puzzle on handwashing Morning broadcast Best article contest on hand hygiene
4. Drawing portrait of person covering
nose and mouth Handwashing songs Best speech contest on hand hygiene
5. Drawing with soap bars Parents’ school meeting Best drawing contest on hand hygiene
6. Soap bubbles game Students-parents information transfer Best singer contest
7. When to wash hands (open discussion) Morning aerobics using handwashing songs Best school contest
8. How to escape from the germs (game) Formulation of handwashing committee
9. Germs transmission (game) School trip to a soap plant
10. Where do germs live? (experiment) School trip to a water purification plant
11. How sneezing contaminates hands (game)
12. Germs characters (game)

Main Article