Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 17, Number 4—April 2011

Effects of Hand Hygiene Campaigns on Incidence of Laboratory-confirmed Influenza and Absenteeism in Schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt

Maha TalaatComments to Author , Salma Afifi, Erica Dueger, Nagwa El-Ashry, Anthony Marfin, Amr Kandeel, Emad Mohareb, and Nasr El-Sayed
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: US Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3), Cairo, Egypt (M. Talaat, S. Afifi, E. Dueger, A. Marfin, E. Mohareb); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (E. Dueger, A. Marfin); Ministry of Health, Cairo (N. El-Ashry, A. Kandeel, N. El-Sayed)

Main Article

Table 2

Incidence of absences caused by illness and reasons for absence in control and intervention schools, Cairo, Egypt, February 16–May 12, 2008*

Absence caused by illness Control, n = 282,832 student-weeks
Intervention, n = 250,584 student-weeks
Reduction, % p value
No. episodes Median (IQR) No. episodes Median (IQR)
Overall illness 19,094 7.2 (3.3–9.5) 13,247 5.7 (3.4–7.6) 21 <0.0001
ILI 1,671 0.5 (0.3–1.1) 917 0.3 (0.1–0.7) 40 <0.0001
Diarrhea 1,316 0.3 (0.1–0.6) 639 0.2 (0.0–0.5) 33 <0.0001
Conjunctivitis 1,214 0.3 (0.1–0.6) 530 0.1 (0.0–0.4) 67 <0.0001

*IQR, interquartile range; ILI, influenza-like illness.

Main Article

Page created: July 25, 2011
Page updated: July 25, 2011
Page reviewed: July 25, 2011
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.