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Volume 17, Number 6—June 2011


Hepatitis E Virus Seroprevalence and Chronic Infections in Patients with HIV, Switzerland

Alain Kenfak-Foguena1, Franziska Schöni-Affolter1, Philippe Bürgisser, Andrea Witteck, Katharine E.A. Darling, Helen Kovari, Laurent Kaiser, John-Marc Evison, Luigia Elzi, Vanina Gurtner De La Fuente, Josef Jost, Darius Moradpour, Florence Abravanel, Jacques Izopet2, Matthias Cavassini2Comments to Author , and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland (A. Kenfak-Foguena, P. Bürgisser, K.E.A. Darling, D. Moradpour, M. Cavassini); Data Center of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study, Lausanne (F. Schöni-Affolter); Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland (A. Witteck); University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (H. Kovari); University Hospital Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (L. Kaiser); Inselspital Klinik und Poliklinik für Infektiologie, Bern, Switzerland (J.-M. Evison); Universitätsspital Klinik für Infektiologie, Basel, Switzerland (L. Elzi); Ospedale Civico Servizio Malattie Infettive, Lugano, Switzerland (V. Gurtner-De La Fuente); Klinik Im Park, Zurich (J. Jost); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, Toulouse, France (F. Abravanel, J. Izopet)

Main Article

Table 2

Logistic regression derived odds ratios/estimates for positive HEV serology in study of prevalence and role of HEV infection among participants in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study, Switzerland, 2008*

Variable Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
Male vs. female 0.207 (0.041–1.016) 0.0523
CD4 100–350 vs. CD4 <100 per mm3 4.683 (1.268–17.295) 0.0206
CD4 >350 vs. CD4 <100 per mm3 2.448 (0.522–11.468) 0.256
Other ethnicity vs. Asian ethnicity 0.295 (0.073–1.191) 0.0864
Alcohol history, no vs. yes 1.802 (0.582–5.581) 0.3071
Risk group, other vs. MSM 0.422 (0.100–1.774) 0.2392
Age at ALT elevation 1.017 (0.966–1.070) 0.5257
Duration of ALT elevation 1.001 (1.000–1.002) 0.0207

*HEV, hepatitis E virus; MSM, men who have sex with men; ALT, alanine aminotransferase.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

2These authors contributed equally to this article.