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Volume 17, Number 7—July 2011

Epidemiology and Control of Legionellosis, Singapore

Meng Chon LamComments to Author , Li Wei Ang, Ai Ling Tan, Lyn James, and Kee Tai Goh
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Singapore (M.C. Lam, L.W. Ang, L. James, K.T. Goh); Singapore General Hospital, Singapore (A.L.Tan)

Main Article

Table 3

Signs and symptoms among 271 case-patients with indigenous or imported legionellosis, Singapore, 2000–2009*

Fever (with/without chills and rigors)
197 (72.7)
Cough (productive or nonproductive) 211 (77.9)
Shortness of breath 88 (32.5)
Chest pain and discomfort 36 (13.3)
Runny nose 4 (1.5)
Rhinorrhea 1 (0.4)
Bronchitis 2 (0.7)
Sore throat
7 (2.6)
Nausea/vomiting 32 (11.8)
Abdominal/epigastric pain 13 (4.8)
8 (3.0)
Drowiness/giddiness 13 (4.8)
9 (3.3)
Other signs or symptoms
Chills 31 (11.4)
Generalized weakness 10 (3.7)
Myalgia 5 (1.9)
Lethargy 8 (3.0)
Loss of appetite 15 (5.5)
Others 22 (8.2)

*Four tourists and 48 foreigners seeking medical treatment in Singapore were excluded.
†Case-patients may have >1 sign or symptom.

Main Article

Page created: August 18, 2011
Page updated: August 18, 2011
Page reviewed: August 18, 2011
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.