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Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012


Etymologia: Coxsackievirus

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EID Etymologia: Coxsackievirus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18(11):1871.
AMA Etymologia: Coxsackievirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2012;18(11):1871. doi:10.3201/eid1811.ET1811.
APA (2012). Etymologia: Coxsackievirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(11), 1871.

Named for Coxsackie, the small town on the Hudson River where they were first isolated, human coxsackieviruses are nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses in the family Picornaviridae, genus Enterovirus. They were first described by Gilbert Dalldorf, who was investigating suspected poliomyelitis outbreaks in upstate New York in the summer of 1947. Coxsackieviruses are divided into 2 groups, A and B. In suckling mice, group A viruses cause generalized myositis and flaccid paralysis, and group B viruses cause focal myositis and spastic paralysis. With the discovery of coxsackieviruses, Dalldorf also helped popularize the suckling mouse as an inexpensive laboratory animal model.


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DOI: 10.3201/eid1811.ET1811

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Table of Contents – Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012