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Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012


A Spatial Analysis of Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Malaria Incidence in Adults, Ontario, Canada

Rose EckhardtComments to Author , Lea Berrang-FordComments to Author , Nancy A. Ross, Dylan R. Pillai1, and David L. Buckeridge
Author affiliations: McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (R. Eckhardt, L. Berrang-Ford, N.A. Ross, D.L. Buckeridge); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Montreal (D.L. Buckeridge)

Main Article

Table 3

Univariate analysis of travel and immigration and case–control and parasite species variables, Ontario, Canada, 2008–2009

Variable Patients
Parasite species
Case-patients Controls p value Plasmodium falciparum P. vivax p value
Neighborhood-level, mean %
Residents who are immigrants from malaria-endemic Africa 3.1 1.5 <0.01* 3.8 2.0 0.33*
Residents who are immigrants from malaria-endemic Asia 15.5 7.2 <0.01* 12.4 20.8 <0.01*
Individual level, no.
Travel to malaria-endemic Africa 36 27 <0.01† 35 1 <0.01‡
Travel to malaria-endemic Asia 11 25 0.61† 0 11 <0.01‡

*Mann-Whitney test.
†χ2 test.
‡Fisher exact test.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.