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Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012


A Spatial Analysis of Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Malaria Incidence in Adults, Ontario, Canada

Rose EckhardtComments to Author , Lea Berrang-FordComments to Author , Nancy A. Ross, Dylan R. Pillai1, and David L. Buckeridge
Author affiliations: McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (R. Eckhardt, L. Berrang-Ford, N.A. Ross, D.L. Buckeridge); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Montreal (D.L. Buckeridge)

Main Article

Table 4

Results of regression analyses of individual- and neighborhood-level variables of malaria incidence, Ontario, Canada, 2008–2009*

Variable Odds ratio (95% CI)
Null model Fully adjusted 1st vs. 4th quartile
Residents who are immigrants from malaria-endemic areas, % 1.07 (1.05–1.09) 1.09 (1.06–1.12) 17.66 (7.17–43.48)
Median income, CAD$ 0.99 (0.99–0.99) 0.99 (0.99–0.99) 3.29 (1.34–8.09)†
Population density 0.99 (0.99–0.99) 0.99 (0.99–0.99) 6.39 (2.48–16.49)†
Male sex 2.80 (1.64–4.78) 2.24 (1.24–4.05) NA

*Dependent variable: case-patients (positive malaria test); goodness-of-fit, Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = 0.76. CAD$, Canadian dollars; NA, not applicable.
†Reverse coded to show 4th vs. 1st quartile.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.