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Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012


Origin of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in Rural Côte d’Ivoire

Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Edgard V. Adjogoua, Chantal Akoua-Koffi, Claudia Hedemann, Grit Schubert, Heinz Ellerbrok, Siv Aina Jensen Leendertz, Georg Pauli, and Fabian H. LeendertzComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany (S. Calvignac-Spencer, C. Hedemann, G. Schubert, H, Ellerbrok, S.A. Jensen Leendertz, G. Pauli, F. H. Leendertz); Institut Pasteur, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (E.V. Adjogoua, C. Akoua-Koffi)

Main Article

Table 2

Type of nonhuman primate contact by participants in a study of the origin of HTLV-1 in rural western Africa, 2006–2007*

Variable Activity resulting in contact
Hunting Dismembering Preparing or cooking Eating
Women, n = 402 0% 62.4% 66.9% 81.3%
Men, n = 371 11.6% 63.6% 21.6% 90.8%
Relative exposure, men vs. women NA 1.02 0.32 1.12

*Sex assignation was lost for 3 persons; thus, the total sampling size was 773 rather than 776, the total number included in the study. HTLV-1, human T-lymphotropic virus type1; NA, not applicable.

Main Article