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Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012


Etymologia: Syphilis

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EID Etymologia: Syphilis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18(6):997.
AMA Etymologia: Syphilis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2012;18(6):997. doi:10.3201/eid1806.ET1806.
APA (2012). Etymologia: Syphilis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(6), 997.

Syphilis [′si-f(ə-)ləs]

From Syphilis sive morbus gallicus (“Syphilis or the French disease”) (1530) by Italian physician and poet Girolamo Fracastoro. The poem tells of Syphilus, a shepherd who insulted the sun god of Haiti. In retaliation, the god sends a plague to Haiti, and Syphilus is the first victim.

The first recorded syphilis epidemic was in 1495, during the First Italian War. After the French captured Naples, disbanded soldiers spread syphilis across Europe. For nearly 500 years, scholars have argued whether Columbus brought syphilis to Europe from the New World. Recent research supports Fracastoro’s New World origin for the disease.


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DOI: 10.3201/eid1806.ET1806

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Table of Contents – Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012