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Volume 18, Number 9—September 2012

Severe Measles, Vitamin A Deficiency, and the Roma Community in Europe

Clea Melenotte, Philippe Brouqui, and Elisabeth Botelho-NeversComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Aix Marseille Université, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France

Main Article


Characteristics of 6 measles case-patients and 2 control patients with vitamin A deficiency, Roma community, France*

Participant Age, y/ sex Signs and symptoms Defining characteristics Vitamin A level, mg/L† Outcome No. days in hospital
Case-patient 1 21/M Rash, meningo-encephalitis Positive PCR results for pharyngeal and urinary samples 0.31 Recovered 12
Case-patient 2 25/M Rash, hepatitis, keratitis Positive PCR result for pharyngeal and urinary samples 0.20 Recovered 4
Case-patient 3 26/M Rash Positive PCR result for pharyngeal sample 0.27 Recovered 2
Case-patient 4 22/M Rash Positive PCR result for urinary, nasal, and pharyngeal samples;
Positive serologic test result 0.27 Recovered 3
Case-patient 5 15/M Rash Positive PCR result for nasal sample 0.16 Recovered 1
Case-patient 6 17/M Rash, hepatitis, Koplik spots Clinical signs 0.34 Recovered 2
Control 1 34/F None NA 0.46 NA NA
Control 2 12/M None NA 0.36 NA NA

*Control participants did not have measles. NA, not applicable.
†Reference range 0.5–0.8 mg/L.

Main Article

Page created: August 17, 2012
Page updated: August 17, 2012
Page reviewed: August 17, 2012
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.