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Volume 20, Number 12—December 2014
Etymologia

Etymologia: Peste des Petits Ruminants

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Peste des petits ruminants [pest dā pə-teʹ ru-me-nahʹ]

From the French for “plague of the small, hooved mammals,” peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a severe (mortality rate may be >90%), highly contagious disease of sheep and goats. PPR was first described in Côte d’Ivoire in 1942 and soon discovered in other countries in West Africa. In more recent decades, it has spread to many other parts of the world, including East Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Also known as ovine rinderpest and goat plague, PPR is caused by a morbillivirus closely related to the rinderpest virus of cattle and buffaloes (which was eradicated in 2011) and the measles virus of humans.

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References

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Recognizing peste des petits ruminants: a field manual. Rome: The Organization; 1999.
  2. Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2012.et2012

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Table of Contents – Volume 20, Number 12—December 2014

Page created: November 18, 2014
Page updated: November 18, 2014
Page reviewed: November 18, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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