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Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014

Travel-associated Antimicrobial Drug–Resistant Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, 2004–2009

Russell S. Barlow, Emilio E. DeBessComments to Author , Kevin L. Winthrop, Jodi A. Lapidus, Robert Vega, and Paul R. Cieslak
Author affiliations: Oregon Health Authority, Portland, Oregon USA (R.S. Barlow, E.E. DeBess, P.R. Cieslak); Oregon Health and Science University, Portland (R.S. Barlow, K.L. Winthrop, J.A. Lapidus); Oregon State Public Health Lab, Hillsboro, Oregon, USA (R. Vega)

Main Article

Table 7

Associations of salmonellosis with resistance to specific antimicrobial drugs and travel to Asia, Oregon, 2004–2009*

Drug Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)†
Ampicillin 5.9 (2.9–11.8)
Cephalosporins 1.0 (0.2–5.4)
Gentamicin 0.7 (0.1–5.3)
Quinolones‡ 22.0 (10.1–47.9)
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 4.5 (1.4–14.5)

*Multiple logistic regression analysis for 1,813 patients, comparing odds of resistance for those with a history of travel to Asia with those with no history of international travel. Boldface indicates statistical significance at p<0.05.
†Adjusted by serotype, year, patient age, patient race, and outbreak status.
‡Resistance to nalidixic acid or ciprofloxacin.

Main Article

Page created: March 18, 2014
Page updated: March 18, 2014
Page reviewed: March 18, 2014
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