Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014
Etymologia: Borrelia miyamotoi
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic spirochete bacteria, Borrelia was named after French biologist Amédée Borrel. In 1995, Masahito Fukunaga et al. isolated a novel Borrelia species and named it Borrelia miyamotoi, in honor of Kenji Miyamoto, who first isolated spirochetes from ixodid ticks in Hokkaido, Japan. Human cases of B. miyamotoi infection were subsequently found in Russia in 2011 and North America in 2013.
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- Fukunaga M, Takahashi Y, Tsuruta Y, Matsushita O, Ralph D, McCelland M, Genetic and phenotypic analysis of Borrelia miyamotoi sp. nov., isolated from the ixodid tick Ixodes persulcatus, the vector for Lyme disease in Japan. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995;45:804–10.