Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014

Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014   PDF Version [PDF - 7.58 MB - 167 pages]

Synopses

  • Medscape CME Activity
    Leptospirosis-Associated Hospitalizations, United States, 1998–2009 PDF Version [PDF - 394 KB - 7 pages]
    R. M. Traxler et al.
    View Summary

    Average cost and duration of hospitalizations were significantly greater than for other infectious diseases.

        View Abstract

    A small percentage of persons with leptospirosis, a reemerging zoonosis, experience severe complications that require hospitalization. The number of leptospirosis cases in the United States is unknown. Thus, to estimate the hospitalization rate for this disease, we analyzed US hospital discharge records for 1998–2009 for the total US population by using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. During that time, the average annual rate of leptospirosis-associated hospitalizations was 0.6 hospitalizations/1,000,000 population. Leptospirosis-associated hospitalization rates were higher for persons >20 years of age and for male patients. For leptospirosis-associated hospitalizations, the average age of patients at admission was lower, the average length of stay for patients was longer, and hospital charges were higher than those for nonleptospirosis infectious disease–associated hospitalizations. Educating clinicians on the signs and symptoms of leptospirosis may result in earlier diagnosis and treatment and, thereby, reduced disease severity and hospitalization costs.

        Cite This Article
    EID Traxler RM, Callinan LS, Holman RC, Steiner C, Guerra MA. Leptospirosis-Associated Hospitalizations, United States, 1998–2009. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1273-1279. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130450
    AMA Traxler RM, Callinan LS, Holman RC, et al. Leptospirosis-Associated Hospitalizations, United States, 1998–2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1273-1279. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130450.
    APA Traxler, R. M., Callinan, L. S., Holman, R. C., Steiner, C., & Guerra, M. A. (2014). Leptospirosis-Associated Hospitalizations, United States, 1998–2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1273-1279. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130450.
        Email Email this Article

Research

  • Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus PDF Version [PDF - 635 KB - 9 pages]
    X. Li et al.
    View Summary

    Region-specific surveillance policies and vaccine candidate selection strategies should be considered.

        View Abstract

    An understanding of the global migration dynamics of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus is helpful for surveillance and disease prevention. To characterize the migration network of this virus, we used genetic analysis, which supported a global persistence model in which each of 9 regions acts to some extent as a source. Siberia is the major hub for the dispersal of the virus. Southeast Asia and Africa are major sources of genetically and antigenically novel strains. We found evidence of local persistence of the virus in Southeast Asia and Africa, which is rare for human influenza A viruses. The differences in migration dynamics between avian and human influenza viruses might help with the design of region-specific surveillance efforts and the selection of vaccine candidates.

        Cite This Article
    EID Li X, Zhang Z, Yu A, Ho S, Carr MJ, Zheng W, et al. Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1287-1295. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130910
    AMA Li X, Zhang Z, Yu A, et al. Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1287-1295. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130910.
    APA Li, X., Zhang, Z., Yu, A., Ho, S., Carr, M. J., Zheng, W....Shi, W. (2014). Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1287-1295. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130910.
        Email Email this Article
  • Rapid Whole-Genome Sequencing for Surveillance of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis PDF Version [PDF - 1.06 MB - 9 pages]
    H. C. den Bakker et al.
    View Summary

    This procedure improves outbreak cluster detection and can be an effective surveillance tool.

        View Abstract

    For Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, 85% of isolates can be classified into 5 pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types. However, PFGE has limited discriminatory power for outbreak detection. Although whole-genome sequencing has been found to improve discrimination of outbreak clusters, whether this procedure can be used in real-time in a public health laboratory is not known. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective and prospective analysis. The retrospective study investigated isolates from 1 confirmed outbreak. Additional cases could be attributed to the outbreak strain on the basis of whole-genome data. The prospective study included 58 isolates obtained in 2012, including isolates from 1 epidemiologically defined outbreak. Whole-genome sequencing identified additional isolates that could be attributed to the outbreak, but which differed from the outbreak-associated PFGE type. Additional putative outbreak clusters were detected in the retrospective and prospective analyses. This study demonstrates the practicality of implementing this approach for outbreak surveillance in a state public health laboratory.

        Cite This Article
    EID den Bakker HC, Allard MW, Bopp D, Brown EW, Fontana J, Iqbal Z, et al. Rapid Whole-Genome Sequencing for Surveillance of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1306-1314. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131399
    AMA den Bakker HC, Allard MW, Bopp D, et al. Rapid Whole-Genome Sequencing for Surveillance of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1306-1314. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131399.
    APA den Bakker, H. C., Allard, M. W., Bopp, D., Brown, E. W., Fontana, J., Iqbal, Z....Wolfgang, W. J. (2014). Rapid Whole-Genome Sequencing for Surveillance of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1306-1314. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131399.
        Email Email this Article
  • Human Exposure to Live Poultry and Psychological and Behavioral Responses to Influenza A(H7N9), China PDF Version [PDF - 540 KB - 10 pages]
    L. Wang et al.
    View Summary

    Exposure was common in urban and rural areas and remains a potential risk factor for human infection.

        View Abstract

    To investigate human exposure to live poultry and changes in risk perception and behavior after the April 2013 influenza A(H7N9) outbreak in China, we surveyed 2,504 urban residents in 5 cities and 1,227 rural residents in 4 provinces and found that perceived risk for influenza A(H7N9) was low. The highest rate of exposure to live poultry was reported in Guangzhou, where 47% of those surveyed reported visiting a live poultry market >1 times in the previous year. Most (77%) urban respondents reported that they visited live markets less often after influenza A(H7N9) cases were first identified in China in March 2013, but only 30% supported permanent closure of the markets to control the epidemic. In rural areas, 48% of respondents reported that they raised backyard poultry. Exposure to live commercial and private poultry is common in urban and rural China and remains a potential risk factor for human infection with novel influenza viruses.

        Cite This Article
    EID Wang L, Cowling BJ, Wu P, Yu J, Li F, Zeng L, et al. Human Exposure to Live Poultry and Psychological and Behavioral Responses to Influenza A(H7N9), China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1296-1305. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131821
    AMA Wang L, Cowling BJ, Wu P, et al. Human Exposure to Live Poultry and Psychological and Behavioral Responses to Influenza A(H7N9), China. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1296-1305. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131821.
    APA Wang, L., Cowling, B. J., Wu, P., Yu, J., Li, F., Zeng, L....Yu, H. (2014). Human Exposure to Live Poultry and Psychological and Behavioral Responses to Influenza A(H7N9), China. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1296-1305. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131821.
        Email Email this Article
  • Independent Origin of Plasmodium falciparum Antifolate Super-Resistance, Uganda, Tanzania, and Ethiopia PDF Version [PDF - 352 KB - 7 pages]
    M. Alifrangis et al.
    View Summary

    Comprehensive surveillance is needed to support sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women.

        View Abstract

    Super-resistant Plasmodium falciparum threatens the effectiveness of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine in intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy. It is characterized by the A581G Pfdhps mutation on a background of the double-mutant Pfdhps and the triple-mutant Pfdhfr. Using samples collected during 2004–2008, we investigated the evolutionary origin of the A581G mutation by characterizing microsatellite diversity flanking Pfdhps triple-mutant (437G+540E+581G) alleles from 3 locations in eastern Africa and comparing it with double-mutant (437G+540E) alleles from the same area. In Ethiopia, both alleles derived from 1 lineage that was distinct from those in Uganda and Tanzania. Uganda and Tanzania triple mutants derived from the previously characterized southeastern Africa double-mutant lineage. The A581G mutation has occurred multiple times on local Pfdhps double-mutant backgrounds; however, a novel microsatellite allele incorporated into the Tanzania lineage since 2004 illustrates the local expansion of emergent triple-mutant lineages.

        Cite This Article
    EID Alifrangis M, Nag S, Schousboe ML, Ishengoma DS, Lusingu J, Pota H, et al. Independent Origin of Plasmodium falciparum Antifolate Super-Resistance, Uganda, Tanzania, and Ethiopia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1280-1286. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131897
    AMA Alifrangis M, Nag S, Schousboe ML, et al. Independent Origin of Plasmodium falciparum Antifolate Super-Resistance, Uganda, Tanzania, and Ethiopia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1280-1286. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131897.
    APA Alifrangis, M., Nag, S., Schousboe, M. L., Ishengoma, D. S., Lusingu, J., Pota, H....Roper, C. (2014). Independent Origin of Plasmodium falciparum Antifolate Super-Resistance, Uganda, Tanzania, and Ethiopia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1280-1286. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131897.
        Email Email this Article

Dispatches

  • Human Infections with Borrelia miyamotoi, Japan PDF Version [PDF - 343 KB - 4 pages]
    K. Sato et al.
        View Abstract

    We confirmed infection of 2 patients with Borrelia miyamotoi in Japan by retrospective surveillance of Lyme disease patients and detection of B. miyamotoi DNA in serum samples. One patient also showed seroconversion for antibody against recombinant glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase of B. miyamotoi. Indigenous relapsing fever should be considered a health concern in Japan.

        Cite This Article
    EID Sato K, Takano A, Konnai S, Nakao M, Ito T, Koyama K, et al. Human Infections with Borrelia miyamotoi, Japan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1391-1394. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131761
    AMA Sato K, Takano A, Konnai S, et al. Human Infections with Borrelia miyamotoi, Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1391-1394. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131761.
    APA Sato, K., Takano, A., Konnai, S., Nakao, M., Ito, T., Koyama, K....Kawabata, H. (2014). Human Infections with Borrelia miyamotoi, Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1391-1394. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131761.
        Email Email this Article
  • Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa PDF Version [PDF - 483 KB - 5 pages]
    C. Reusken et al.
        View Abstract

    We found serologic evidence for the circulation of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus among dromedary camels in Nigeria, Tunisia, and Ethiopia. Circulation of the virus among dromedaries across broad areas of Africa may indicate that this disease is currently underdiagnosed in humans outside the Arabian Peninsula.

        Cite This Article
    EID Reusken C, Messadi L, Feyisa A, Ularamu H, Godeke G, Danmarwa A, et al. Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1370-1374. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140590
    AMA Reusken C, Messadi L, Feyisa A, et al. Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1370-1374. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140590.
    APA Reusken, C., Messadi, L., Feyisa, A., Ularamu, H., Godeke, G., Danmarwa, A....Koopmans, M. (2014). Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1370-1374. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140590.
        Email Email this Article
  • Rapid Detection, Complete Genome Sequencing, and Phylogenetic Analysis of Porcine Deltacoronavirus PDF Version [PDF - 144 KB - 3 pages]
    D. Marthaler et al.
        View Abstract

    In February 2014, porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) was identified in the United States. We developed a PDCoV real-time reverse transcription PCR that identified PDCoV in 30% of samples tested. Four additional PDCoV genomes from the United States were sequenced; these had ≈99%–100% nt similarity to the other US PDCoV strains.

        Cite This Article
    EID Marthaler D, Raymond L, Jiang Y, Collins J, Rossow K, Rovira A, et al. Rapid Detection, Complete Genome Sequencing, and Phylogenetic Analysis of Porcine Deltacoronavirus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1347-1350. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140526
    AMA Marthaler D, Raymond L, Jiang Y, et al. Rapid Detection, Complete Genome Sequencing, and Phylogenetic Analysis of Porcine Deltacoronavirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1347-1350. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140526.
    APA Marthaler, D., Raymond, L., Jiang, Y., Collins, J., Rossow, K., & Rovira, A. (2014). Rapid Detection, Complete Genome Sequencing, and Phylogenetic Analysis of Porcine Deltacoronavirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1347-1350. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140526.
        Email Email this Article
  • Novel Reassortant Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses in Domestic Ducks, Eastern China PDF Version [PDF - 340 KB - 4 pages]
    H. Wu et al.
        View Abstract

    Domestic ducks are natural reservoirs of avian influenza viruses and serve as reassortant hosts for new virus subtypes. We isolated 2 novel influenza A(H5N8) viruses from domestic ducks in eastern China, sequenced their genomes, and tested their pathogenicity in chickens and mice. Circulation of these viruses may pose health risks for humans.

        Cite This Article
    EID Wu H, Peng X, Xu L, Jin C, Cheng L, Lu X, et al. Novel Reassortant Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses in Domestic Ducks, Eastern China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1315-1318. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140339
    AMA Wu H, Peng X, Xu L, et al. Novel Reassortant Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses in Domestic Ducks, Eastern China. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1315-1318. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140339.
    APA Wu, H., Peng, X., Xu, L., Jin, C., Cheng, L., Lu, X....Wu, N. (2014). Novel Reassortant Influenza A(H5N8) Viruses in Domestic Ducks, Eastern China. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1315-1318. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140339.
        Email Email this Article
  • Borrelia crocidurae Infection in Acutely Febrile Patients, Senegal PDF Version [PDF - 425 KB - 4 pages]
    O. Mediannikov et al.
        View Abstract

    As malaria cases in Africa decline, other causes of acute febrile illness are being explored. To determine incidence of Borrelia crocidurae infection during June 2010–October 2011, we collected 1,566 blood specimens from febrile patients in Senegal. Incidence was high (7.3%). New treatment strategies, possibly doxycycline, might be indicated for febrile patients.

        Cite This Article
    EID Mediannikov O, Socolovschi C, Bassene H, Diatta G, Ratmanov P, Fenollar F, et al. Borrelia crocidurae Infection in Acutely Febrile Patients, Senegal. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1335-1338. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130550
    AMA Mediannikov O, Socolovschi C, Bassene H, et al. Borrelia crocidurae Infection in Acutely Febrile Patients, Senegal. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1335-1338. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130550.
    APA Mediannikov, O., Socolovschi, C., Bassene, H., Diatta, G., Ratmanov, P., Fenollar, F....Raoult, D. (2014). Borrelia crocidurae Infection in Acutely Febrile Patients, Senegal. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1335-1338. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130550.
        Email Email this Article
  • Severe Murine Typhus with Pulmonary System Involvement PDF Version [PDF - 314 KB - 3 pages]
    T. W. van der Vaart et al.
        View Abstract

    We encountered a case of severe murine typhus complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome. To determine worldwide prevalence of such cases, we reviewed the literature and found that respiratory symptoms occur in ≈30% of murine typhus patients. In disease-endemic areas, murine typhus should be considered for patients with respiratory symptoms and fever.

        Cite This Article
    EID van der Vaart TW, van Thiel P, Juffermans NP, van Vugt M, Geerlings SE, Grobusch MP, et al. Severe Murine Typhus with Pulmonary System Involvement. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1375-1377. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131421
    AMA van der Vaart TW, van Thiel P, Juffermans NP, et al. Severe Murine Typhus with Pulmonary System Involvement. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1375-1377. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131421.
    APA van der Vaart, T. W., van Thiel, P., Juffermans, N. P., van Vugt, M., Geerlings, S. E., Grobusch, M. P....Goorhuis, A. (2014). Severe Murine Typhus with Pulmonary System Involvement. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1375-1377. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131421.
        Email Email this Article
  • Pulmonary Infection and Colonization with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Taiwan, 2000–2012 PDF Version [PDF - 401 KB - 4 pages]
    J. Chien et al.
        View Abstract

    We analyzed samples from 13,652 patients who had respiratory cultures positive for mycobacteria in Taiwan during 2000–2012 and found that 56.9% were positive for nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Whereas annual prevalence of tuberculosis decreased during the study period, prevalence of NTM disease and colonization increased, particularly among older patients and male patients.

        Cite This Article
    EID Chien J, Lai C, Sheng W, Yu C, Hsueh P. Pulmonary Infection and Colonization with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Taiwan, 2000–2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1382-1385. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131673
    AMA Chien J, Lai C, Sheng W, et al. Pulmonary Infection and Colonization with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Taiwan, 2000–2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1382-1385. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131673.
    APA Chien, J., Lai, C., Sheng, W., Yu, C., & Hsueh, P. (2014). Pulmonary Infection and Colonization with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Taiwan, 2000–2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1382-1385. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131673.
        Email Email this Article
  • Levofloxacin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae, Taiwan, 2004–2010 PDF Version [PDF - 442 KB - 5 pages]
    S. Kuo et al.
        View Abstract

    Levofloxacin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae has increased significantly in Taiwan, from 2.0% in 2004 to 24.3% in 2010 (p<0.001). Clinical and molecular investigations of 182 levofloxacin-resistant isolates revealed that the increase was mainly the result of the spread of several clones in the elderly population in different regions.

        Cite This Article
    EID Kuo S, Chen P, Shiau Y, Wang H, Lai J, Huang W, et al. Levofloxacin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae, Taiwan, 2004–2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1386-1390. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140341
    AMA Kuo S, Chen P, Shiau Y, et al. Levofloxacin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae, Taiwan, 2004–2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1386-1390. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140341.
    APA Kuo, S., Chen, P., Shiau, Y., Wang, H., Lai, J., Huang, W....Lauderdale, T. (2014). Levofloxacin-Resistant Haemophilus influenzae, Taiwan, 2004–2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1386-1390. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140341.
        Email Email this Article
  • Isolation of MERS Coronavirus from a Dromedary Camel, Qatar, 2014 PDF Version [PDF - 384 KB - 4 pages]
    V. Raj et al.
        View Abstract

    We obtained the full genome of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from a camel in Qatar. This virus is highly similar to the human England/Qatar 1 virus isolated in 2012. The MERS-CoV from the camel efficiently replicated in human cells, providing further evidence for the zoonotic potential of MERS-CoV from camels.

        Cite This Article
    EID Raj V, Farag E, Reusken C, Lamers MM, Pas SD, Voermans J, et al. Isolation of MERS Coronavirus from a Dromedary Camel, Qatar, 2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1339-1342. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140663
    AMA Raj V, Farag E, Reusken C, et al. Isolation of MERS Coronavirus from a Dromedary Camel, Qatar, 2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1339-1342. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140663.
    APA Raj, V., Farag, E., Reusken, C., Lamers, M. M., Pas, S. D., Voermans, J....Haagmans, B. L. (2014). Isolation of MERS Coronavirus from a Dromedary Camel, Qatar, 2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1339-1342. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140663.
        Email Email this Article
  • Antibodies against MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camels, Kenya, 1992–2013 PDF Version [PDF - 335 KB - 4 pages]
    V. M. Corman et al.
        View Abstract

    Dromedary camels are a putative source for human infections with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. We showed that camels sampled in different regions in Kenya during 1992–2013 have antibodies against this virus. High densities of camel populations correlated with increased seropositivity and might be a factor in predicting long-term virus maintenance.

        Cite This Article
    EID Corman VM, Jores J, Meyer B, Younan M, Liljander AM, Said MY, et al. Antibodies against MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camels, Kenya, 1992–2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1319-1322. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140596
    AMA Corman VM, Jores J, Meyer B, et al. Antibodies against MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camels, Kenya, 1992–2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1319-1322. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140596.
    APA Corman, V. M., Jores, J., Meyer, B., Younan, M., Liljander, A. M., Said, M. Y....Müller, M. A. (2014). Antibodies against MERS Coronavirus in Dromedary Camels, Kenya, 1992–2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1319-1322. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140596.
        Email Email this Article
  • Detection of East/Central/South African Genotype of Chikungunya Virus in Myanmar, 2010 PDF Version [PDF - 391 KB - 4 pages]
    M. Tun et al.
        View Abstract

    In 2010, chikungunya virus of the East Central South African genotype was isolated from 4 children in Myanmyar who had dengue-like symptoms. Phylogenetic analysis of the E1 gene revealed that the isolates were closely related to isolates from China, Thailand, and Malaysia that harbor the A226V mutation in this gene.

        Cite This Article
    EID Tun M, Thant K, Inoue S, Nabeshima T, Aoki K, Kyaw A, et al. Detection of East/Central/South African Genotype of Chikungunya Virus in Myanmar, 2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1378-1381. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131431
    AMA Tun M, Thant K, Inoue S, et al. Detection of East/Central/South African Genotype of Chikungunya Virus in Myanmar, 2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1378-1381. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131431.
    APA Tun, M., Thant, K., Inoue, S., Nabeshima, T., Aoki, K., Kyaw, A....Morita, K. (2014). Detection of East/Central/South African Genotype of Chikungunya Virus in Myanmar, 2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1378-1381. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131431.
        Email Email this Article
  • Co-circulation of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses, Al Hudaydah, Yemen, 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 362 KB - 4 pages]
    G. Rezza et al.
        View Abstract

    We investigated 400 cases of dengue-like illness in persons hospitalized during an outbreak in Al Hudaydah, Yemen, in 2012. Overall, 116 dengue and 49 chikungunya cases were diagnosed. Dengue virus type 2 was the predominant serotype. The co-circulation of these viruses indicates that mosquitoborne infections represent a public health threat in Yemen.

        Cite This Article
    EID Rezza G, El-Sawaf G, Faggioni G, Vescio F, Al Ameri R, De Santis R, et al. Co-circulation of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses, Al Hudaydah, Yemen, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1351-1354. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131615
    AMA Rezza G, El-Sawaf G, Faggioni G, et al. Co-circulation of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses, Al Hudaydah, Yemen, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1351-1354. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131615.
    APA Rezza, G., El-Sawaf, G., Faggioni, G., Vescio, F., Al Ameri, R., De Santis, R....Lista, F. (2014). Co-circulation of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses, Al Hudaydah, Yemen, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1351-1354. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131615.
        Email Email this Article
  • Antibodies against Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Healthy Persons, China, 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 324 KB - 3 pages]
    L. Zhang et al.
        View Abstract

    In June 2013, a subclinical infection with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) was detected in Zhejiang Province, China, prompting seroprevalence studies in 6 districts within the province. Of 986 healthy persons tested, 71 had IgG antibodies against SFTSV. This finding suggests that most natural infections with SFTSV are mild or subclinical.

        Cite This Article
    EID Zhang L, Sun J, Yan J, Lv H, Chai C, Sun Y, et al. Antibodies against Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Healthy Persons, China, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1355-1357. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131796
    AMA Zhang L, Sun J, Yan J, et al. Antibodies against Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Healthy Persons, China, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1355-1357. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131796.
    APA Zhang, L., Sun, J., Yan, J., Lv, H., Chai, C., Sun, Y....Zhang, Y. (2014). Antibodies against Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Healthy Persons, China, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1355-1357. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131796.
        Email Email this Article
  • New Introductions of Enterovirus 71 Subgenogroup C4 Strains, France, 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 502 KB - 4 pages]
    I. Schuffenecker et al.
        View Abstract

    In France during 2012, human enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) subgenogroup C4 strains were detected in 4 children hospitalized for neonatal fever or meningitis. Phylogenetic analysis showed novel and independent EV-A71 introductions, presumably from China, and suggested circulation of C4 strains throughout France. This observation emphasizes the need for monitoring EV-A71 infections in Europe.

        Cite This Article
    EID Schuffenecker I, Henquell C, Mirand A, Coste-Burel M, Marque-Juillet S, Desbois D, et al. New Introductions of Enterovirus 71 Subgenogroup C4 Strains, France, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1343-1346. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131858
    AMA Schuffenecker I, Henquell C, Mirand A, et al. New Introductions of Enterovirus 71 Subgenogroup C4 Strains, France, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1343-1346. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131858.
    APA Schuffenecker, I., Henquell, C., Mirand, A., Coste-Burel, M., Marque-Juillet, S., Desbois, D....Lina, B. (2014). New Introductions of Enterovirus 71 Subgenogroup C4 Strains, France, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1343-1346. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131858.
        Email Email this Article
  • Infection with Possible Precursor of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in a Child, China, 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 493 KB - 5 pages]
    L. Ren et al.
        View Abstract

    During the early stage of the avian influenza A(H7N9) epidemic in China in March 2013, a strain of the virus was identified in a 4-year-old boy with mild influenza symptoms. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that this strain, which has similarity to avian subtype H9N2 viruses, may represent a precursor of more-evolved H7N9 subtypes co-circulating among humans.

        Cite This Article
    EID Ren L, Yu X, Zhao B, Wu F, Jin Q, Zhang X, et al. Infection with Possible Precursor of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in a Child, China, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1362-1365. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140325
    AMA Ren L, Yu X, Zhao B, et al. Infection with Possible Precursor of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in a Child, China, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1362-1365. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140325.
    APA Ren, L., Yu, X., Zhao, B., Wu, F., Jin, Q., Zhang, X....Wang, J. (2014). Infection with Possible Precursor of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in a Child, China, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1362-1365. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140325.
        Email Email this Article
  • Role of Migratory Birds in Spreading Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Turkey PDF Version [PDF - 564 KB - 4 pages]
    H. Leblebicioglu et al.
        View Abstract

    We investigated migratory birds’ role in spreading Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) through attached ticks. We detected CCHFV RNA in ticks on migratory birds in Turkey. Two isolates showed similarity with CCHFV genotype 4, suggesting a role for ticks in CCHFV epidemics in Turkey and spread of CCHFV by birds.

        Cite This Article
    EID Leblebicioglu H, Eroglu C, Erciyas-Yavuz K, Hokelek M, Acici M, Yilmaz H, et al. Role of Migratory Birds in Spreading Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Turkey. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1331-1334. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131547
    AMA Leblebicioglu H, Eroglu C, Erciyas-Yavuz K, et al. Role of Migratory Birds in Spreading Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Turkey. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1331-1334. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131547.
    APA Leblebicioglu, H., Eroglu, C., Erciyas-Yavuz, K., Hokelek, M., Acici, M., & Yilmaz, H. (2014). Role of Migratory Birds in Spreading Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Turkey. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1331-1334. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131547.
        Email Email this Article
  • Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 456 KB - 4 pages]
    M. Punzel et al.
        View Abstract

    Three days after donation of peripheral blood stem cells to a recipient with acute myeloblastic leukemia, dengue virus was detected in the donor, who had recently traveled to Sri Lanka. Transmission to the recipient, who died 9 days after transplant, was confirmed.

        Cite This Article
    EID Punzel M, Korukluoğlu G, Caglayik D, Menemenlioglu D, Bozdag S, Tekgündüz E, et al. Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1366-1369. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140508
    AMA Punzel M, Korukluoğlu G, Caglayik D, et al. Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1366-1369. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140508.
    APA Punzel, M., Korukluoğlu, G., Caglayik, D., Menemenlioglu, D., Bozdag, S., Tekgündüz, E....Schmidt-Chanasit, J. (2014). Dengue Virus Transmission by Blood Stem Cell Donor after Travel to Sri Lanka; Germany, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1366-1369. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140508.
        Email Email this Article
  • Natural Intrauterine Infection with Schmallenberg Virus in Malformed Newborn Calves PDF Version [PDF - 428 KB - 4 pages]
    C. Bayrou et al.
        View Abstract

    We surveyed morphologic alterations in calves in Belgium that were naturally infected in utero by Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and born with deformities during January–March 2012. SBV-specific RNA was distributed unevenly in different tissues. Natural intrauterine SBV infection of calves might cause serious damage to the central nervous system and muscles.

        Cite This Article
    EID Bayrou C, Garigliany M, Sarlet M, Sartelet A, Cassart D, Desmecht D, et al. Natural Intrauterine Infection with Schmallenberg Virus in Malformed Newborn Calves. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1327-1330. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.121890
    AMA Bayrou C, Garigliany M, Sarlet M, et al. Natural Intrauterine Infection with Schmallenberg Virus in Malformed Newborn Calves. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1327-1330. doi:10.3201/eid2008.121890.
    APA Bayrou, C., Garigliany, M., Sarlet, M., Sartelet, A., Cassart, D., & Desmecht, D. (2014). Natural Intrauterine Infection with Schmallenberg Virus in Malformed Newborn Calves. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1327-1330. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.121890.
        Email Email this Article
  • Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission across Texas PDF Version [PDF - 392 KB - 4 pages]
    T. D. Tenney et al.
        View Abstract

    Chagas disease, an infection with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is increasingly diagnosed among humans in the southern United States. We assessed exposure of shelter dogs in Texas to T. cruzi; seroprevalence across diverse ecoregions was 8.8%. Canine serosurveillance is a useful tool for public health risk assessment.

        Cite This Article
    EID Tenney TD, Curtis-Robles R, Snowden KF, Hamer SA. Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission across Texas. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1323-1326. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131843
    AMA Tenney TD, Curtis-Robles R, Snowden KF, et al. Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission across Texas. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1323-1326. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131843.
    APA Tenney, T. D., Curtis-Robles, R., Snowden, K. F., & Hamer, S. A. (2014). Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission across Texas. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1323-1326. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131843.
        Email Email this Article
  • Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Ticks Collected from Humans, South Korea, 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 455 KB - 4 pages]
    S. Yun et al.
        View Abstract

    We investigated the infection rate for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) among ticks collected from humans during May–October 2013 in South Korea. Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks have been considered the SFTSV vector. However, we detected the virus in H. longicornis, Amblyomma testudinarium, and Ixodes nipponensis ticks, indicating additional potential SFTSV vectors.

        Cite This Article
    EID Yun S, Lee W, Ryou J, Yang S, Park S, Roh J, et al. Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Ticks Collected from Humans, South Korea, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1358-1361. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131857
    AMA Yun S, Lee W, Ryou J, et al. Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Ticks Collected from Humans, South Korea, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1358-1361. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131857.
    APA Yun, S., Lee, W., Ryou, J., Yang, S., Park, S., Roh, J....Han, M. (2014). Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus in Ticks Collected from Humans, South Korea, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1358-1361. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131857.
        Email Email this Article

Commentaries

Letters

  • Phylogenetic Analysis of West Nile Virus Genome, Iran PDF Version [PDF - 351 KB - 3 pages]
    N. Shah-Hosseini et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Shah-Hosseini N, Chinikar S, Ataei B, Fooks AR, Groschup MH. Phylogenetic Analysis of West Nile Virus Genome, Iran. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1419-1421. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131321
    AMA Shah-Hosseini N, Chinikar S, Ataei B, et al. Phylogenetic Analysis of West Nile Virus Genome, Iran. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1419-1421. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131321.
    APA Shah-Hosseini, N., Chinikar, S., Ataei, B., Fooks, A. R., & Groschup, M. H. (2014). Phylogenetic Analysis of West Nile Virus Genome, Iran. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1419-1421. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131321.
        Email Email this Article
  • Transcontinental Movement of Asian Genotype Chikungunya Virus PDF Version [PDF - 396 KB - 3 pages]
    R. S. Lanciotti and A. Valadere
            Cite This Article
    EID Lanciotti RS, Valadere A. Transcontinental Movement of Asian Genotype Chikungunya Virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1400-1402. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140268
    AMA Lanciotti RS, Valadere A. Transcontinental Movement of Asian Genotype Chikungunya Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1400-1402. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140268.
    APA Lanciotti, R. S., & Valadere, A. (2014). Transcontinental Movement of Asian Genotype Chikungunya Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1400-1402. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140268.
        Email Email this Article
  • Diagnosis of Bartonella henselae Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis in Man, France PDF Version [PDF - 290 KB - 2 pages]
    F. Gouriet et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Gouriet F, Fournier P, Zaratzian C, Sumian M, Cammilleri S, Riberi A, et al. Diagnosis of Bartonella henselae Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis in Man, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1396-1397. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130789
    AMA Gouriet F, Fournier P, Zaratzian C, et al. Diagnosis of Bartonella henselae Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis in Man, France. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1396-1397. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130789.
    APA Gouriet, F., Fournier, P., Zaratzian, C., Sumian, M., Cammilleri, S., Riberi, A....Raoult, D. (2014). Diagnosis of Bartonella henselae Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis in Man, France. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1396-1397. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130789.
        Email Email this Article
  • Isolation of Rickettsia typhi from Human, Mexico PDF Version [PDF - 256 KB - 2 pages]
    J. E. Zavala-Castro et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Zavala-Castro JE, Dzul-Rosado KR, Peniche-Lara G, Tello-Martín R, Zavala-Velázquez JE. Isolation of Rickettsia typhi from Human, Mexico. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1411-1412. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130095
    AMA Zavala-Castro JE, Dzul-Rosado KR, Peniche-Lara G, et al. Isolation of Rickettsia typhi from Human, Mexico. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1411-1412. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130095.
    APA Zavala-Castro, J. E., Dzul-Rosado, K. R., Peniche-Lara, G., Tello-Martín, R., & Zavala-Velázquez, J. E. (2014). Isolation of Rickettsia typhi from Human, Mexico. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1411-1412. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130095.
        Email Email this Article
  • Serologic Surveillance for West Nile Virus in Dogs, Africa PDF Version [PDF - 291 KB - 3 pages]
    B. Davoust et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Davoust B, Leparc-Goffart I, Demoncheaux J, Tine R, Diarra M, Trombini G, et al. Serologic Surveillance for West Nile Virus in Dogs, Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1415-1417. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130691
    AMA Davoust B, Leparc-Goffart I, Demoncheaux J, et al. Serologic Surveillance for West Nile Virus in Dogs, Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1415-1417. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130691.
    APA Davoust, B., Leparc-Goffart, I., Demoncheaux, J., Tine, R., Diarra, M., Trombini, G....Marié, J. (2014). Serologic Surveillance for West Nile Virus in Dogs, Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1415-1417. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130691.
        Email Email this Article
  • Zika Virus Infection after Travel to Tahiti, December 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 328 KB - 3 pages]
    T. Wæhre et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Wæhre T, Maagard A, Tappe D, Cadar D, Schmidt-Chanasit J. Zika Virus Infection after Travel to Tahiti, December 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1412-1414. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140302
    AMA Wæhre T, Maagard A, Tappe D, et al. Zika Virus Infection after Travel to Tahiti, December 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1412-1414. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140302.
    APA Wæhre, T., Maagard, A., Tappe, D., Cadar, D., & Schmidt-Chanasit, J. (2014). Zika Virus Infection after Travel to Tahiti, December 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1412-1414. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140302.
        Email Email this Article
  • Chikungunya in the Caribbean—Threat for Europe PDF Version [PDF - 445 KB - 3 pages]
    J. Mansuy et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Mansuy J, Grouteau E, Mengelle C, Claudet I, Izopet J. Chikungunya in the Caribbean—Threat for Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1423-1425. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140650
    AMA Mansuy J, Grouteau E, Mengelle C, et al. Chikungunya in the Caribbean—Threat for Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1423-1425. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140650.
    APA Mansuy, J., Grouteau, E., Mengelle, C., Claudet, I., & Izopet, J. (2014). Chikungunya in the Caribbean—Threat for Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1423-1425. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140650.
        Email Email this Article
  • Human Infection with West Nile Virus, Xinjiang, China, 2011 PDF Version [PDF - 386 KB - 3 pages]
    Z. Lu et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Lu Z, Fu S, Cao L, Tang C, Zhang S, Li Z, et al. Human Infection with West Nile Virus, Xinjiang, China, 2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1421-1423. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131433
    AMA Lu Z, Fu S, Cao L, et al. Human Infection with West Nile Virus, Xinjiang, China, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1421-1423. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131433.
    APA Lu, Z., Fu, S., Cao, L., Tang, C., Zhang, S., Li, Z....Liang, G. (2014). Human Infection with West Nile Virus, Xinjiang, China, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1421-1423. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131433.
        Email Email this Article
  • Severe Encephalitis Caused by Toscana Virus, Greece PDF Version [PDF - 327 KB - 3 pages]
    A. Papa et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Papa A, Paraforou T, Papakonstantinou I, Pagdatoglou K, Kontana A, Koukoubani T, et al. Severe Encephalitis Caused by Toscana Virus, Greece. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1417-1419. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140248
    AMA Papa A, Paraforou T, Papakonstantinou I, et al. Severe Encephalitis Caused by Toscana Virus, Greece. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1417-1419. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140248.
    APA Papa, A., Paraforou, T., Papakonstantinou, I., Pagdatoglou, K., Kontana, A., & Koukoubani, T. (2014). Severe Encephalitis Caused by Toscana Virus, Greece. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1417-1419. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140248.
        Email Email this Article
  • Yersinia pestis in Pulex irritans Fleas during Plague Outbreak, Madagascar PDF Version [PDF - 294 KB - 2 pages]
    J. Ratovonjato et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Ratovonjato J, Rajerison M, Rahelinirina S, Boyer S. Yersinia pestis in Pulex irritans Fleas during Plague Outbreak, Madagascar. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1414-1415. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130629
    AMA Ratovonjato J, Rajerison M, Rahelinirina S, et al. Yersinia pestis in Pulex irritans Fleas during Plague Outbreak, Madagascar. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1414-1415. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130629.
    APA Ratovonjato, J., Rajerison, M., Rahelinirina, S., & Boyer, S. (2014). Yersinia pestis in Pulex irritans Fleas during Plague Outbreak, Madagascar. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1414-1415. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130629.
        Email Email this Article
  • Sika Deer Carrying Babesia Parasites Closely Related to B. divergens, Japan PDF Version [PDF - 454 KB - 3 pages]
    A. Zamoto-Niikura et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Zamoto-Niikura A, Tsuji M, Imaoka K, Kimura M, Morikawa S, Holman PJ, et al. Sika Deer Carrying Babesia Parasites Closely Related to B. divergens, Japan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1398-1400. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130061
    AMA Zamoto-Niikura A, Tsuji M, Imaoka K, et al. Sika Deer Carrying Babesia Parasites Closely Related to B. divergens, Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1398-1400. doi:10.3201/eid2008.130061.
    APA Zamoto-Niikura, A., Tsuji, M., Imaoka, K., Kimura, M., Morikawa, S., Holman, P. J....Ishihara, C. (2014). Sika Deer Carrying Babesia Parasites Closely Related to B. divergens, Japan. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1398-1400. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.130061.
        Email Email this Article
  • Babesiosis Surveillance, New Jersey, USA, 2006–2011 PDF Version [PDF - 306 KB - 3 pages]
    A. Apostolou et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Apostolou A, Sorhage F, Tan C. Babesiosis Surveillance, New Jersey, USA, 2006–2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1407-1409. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131591
    AMA Apostolou A, Sorhage F, Tan C. Babesiosis Surveillance, New Jersey, USA, 2006–2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1407-1409. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131591.
    APA Apostolou, A., Sorhage, F., & Tan, C. (2014). Babesiosis Surveillance, New Jersey, USA, 2006–2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1407-1409. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131591.
        Email Email this Article
  • Antibodies against West Nile and Shuni Viruses in Veterinarians, South Africa PDF Version [PDF - 285 KB - 3 pages]
    C. van Eeden et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID van Eeden C, Swanepoel R, Venter M. Antibodies against West Nile and Shuni Viruses in Veterinarians, South Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1409-1411. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131724
    AMA van Eeden C, Swanepoel R, Venter M. Antibodies against West Nile and Shuni Viruses in Veterinarians, South Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1409-1411. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131724.
    APA van Eeden, C., Swanepoel, R., & Venter, M. (2014). Antibodies against West Nile and Shuni Viruses in Veterinarians, South Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1409-1411. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131724.
        Email Email this Article
  • Chikungunya Outbreak in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand, 2013 PDF Version [PDF - 394 KB - 3 pages]
    N. Wanlapakorn et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Wanlapakorn N, Thongmee T, Linsuwanon P, Chattakul P, Vongpunsawad S, Payungporn S, et al. Chikungunya Outbreak in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1404-1406. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140481
    AMA Wanlapakorn N, Thongmee T, Linsuwanon P, et al. Chikungunya Outbreak in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1404-1406. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140481.
    APA Wanlapakorn, N., Thongmee, T., Linsuwanon, P., Chattakul, P., Vongpunsawad, S., Payungporn, S....Poovorawan, Y. (2014). Chikungunya Outbreak in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1404-1406. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140481.
        Email Email this Article
  • Decline in Japanese Encephalitis, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India PDF Version [PDF - 268 KB - 2 pages]
    P. Ranjan et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Ranjan P, Gore M, Selvaraju S, Kushwaha K, Srivastava D, Murhekar M, et al. Decline in Japanese Encephalitis, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1406-1407. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131403
    AMA Ranjan P, Gore M, Selvaraju S, et al. Decline in Japanese Encephalitis, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1406-1407. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131403.
    APA Ranjan, P., Gore, M., Selvaraju, S., Kushwaha, K., Srivastava, D., & Murhekar, M. (2014). Decline in Japanese Encephalitis, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1406-1407. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131403.
        Email Email this Article
  • Rickettsia felis Infections and Comorbid Conditions, Laos, 2003–2011 PDF Version [PDF - 296 KB - 3 pages]
    S. Dittrich et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Dittrich S, Phommasone K, Anantatat T, Panyanivong P, Slesak G, Blacksell SD, et al. Rickettsia felis Infections and Comorbid Conditions, Laos, 2003–2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1402-1404. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131308
    AMA Dittrich S, Phommasone K, Anantatat T, et al. Rickettsia felis Infections and Comorbid Conditions, Laos, 2003–2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1402-1404. doi:10.3201/eid2008.131308.
    APA Dittrich, S., Phommasone, K., Anantatat, T., Panyanivong, P., Slesak, G., Blacksell, S. D....Paris, D. H. (2014). Rickettsia felis Infections and Comorbid Conditions, Laos, 2003–2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1402-1404. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.131308.
        Email Email this Article

Books and Media

In Memoriam

  • In Memoriam: Robert Emmons Kissling (1923–2013) PDF Version [PDF - 263 KB - 2 pages]
    C. H. Calisher et al.
    View Summary

    A memorial for Robert E. Kissling, a former CDC employee (leader) who set diagnostic, pathologic, and field investigation standards for rabies and arboviruses.

            Cite This Article
    EID Calisher CH, Murphy FA, Monath TP. In Memoriam: Robert Emmons Kissling (1923–2013). Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(8):1426-1427. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140672
    AMA Calisher CH, Murphy FA, Monath TP. In Memoriam: Robert Emmons Kissling (1923–2013). Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(8):1426-1427. doi:10.3201/eid2008.140672.
    APA Calisher, C. H., Murphy, F. A., & Monath, T. P. (2014). In Memoriam: Robert Emmons Kissling (1923–2013). Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(8), 1426-1427. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2008.140672.
        Email Email this Article

About the Cover

Etymologia

Online Reports

  • Peer Reviewed Report Available Online Only
    Preparedness for Threat of Chikungunya in the Pacific
    A. Roth et al.
        View Abstract

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) caused significant outbreaks of illness during 2005–2007 in the Indian Ocean region. Chikungunya outbreaks have also occurred in the Pacific region, including in Papua New Guinea in 2012; New Caledonia in April 2013; and Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia, in August 2013. CHIKV is a threat in the Pacific, and the risk for further spread is high, given several similarities between the Pacific and Indian Ocean chikungunya outbreaks. Island health care systems have difficulties coping with high caseloads, which highlights the need for early multidisciplinary preparedness. The Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network has developed several strategies focusing on surveillance, case management, vector control, laboratory confirmation, and communication. The management of this CHIKV threat will likely have broad implications for global public health.

            Email Email this Article

Corrections

TOP