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Volume 20, Number 9—September 2014


Etymologia: Bacillus anthracis

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EID Etymologia: Bacillus anthracis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(9):1463.
AMA Etymologia: Bacillus anthracis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(9):1463. doi:10.3201/eid2009.ET2009.
APA (2014). Etymologia: Bacillus anthracis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(9), 1463.

Bacillus anthracis [bə-silʹəs an-thraʹsis]

A large, gram-positive, rod (bacillus), Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax (Greek for “coal”), named for the black lesions of cutaneous anthrax. In 1850, Rayer and Davaine discovered the rods in the blood of anthrax-infected sheep, setting the stage for Koch to link the disease to the bacterium in 1876, after he performed a series of experiments that fulfilled what came to be known as Koch’s postulates. This was among the first times a microorganism was conclusively linked with a specific disease.


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DOI: 10.3201/eid2009.ET2009

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Table of Contents – Volume 20, Number 9—September 2014