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Volume 21, Number 1—January 2015
Etymologia

Etymologia: Glanders

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Glanders [glanʹdərz]

From the Old French glandres (“glands”) describing the enlargement of the parotid or submaxillary lymph nodes that is pathognomonic of the disease, glanders is a contagious disease of horses. Glanders is caused by Burkholderia mallei and is communicable to humans but should not be confused with human melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. The chronic, cutaneous form of glanders presents as ulcerated skin lesions along major lymph and blood vessels and is known as farcy (from the Latin farcire, “sausage”). Among the first descriptions of glanders is in the writings of Aristotle: “The ass suffers chiefly from one particular disease which they call ‘melis.’” In later writings, “melis” became “malleus,” which became a generic term for epizootics. Glanders has been eliminated in many industrialized countries, including in the United States, where there have been no naturally acquired human or animal cases since World War II. More recently, glanders has been reemerging in parts of the world; since 2000, outbreaks in horses have been reported in North Africa, the Middle East, and other areas.

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References

  1. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  2. Glanders. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [cited 2014 Sep 25]. http://www.cdc.gov/glanders/index.html.
  3. Glanders  WL. medicine and veterinary medicine in common pursuit of a contagious disease. Med Hist. 1981;25:36384 . DOIPubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2101.et2101

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Table of Contents – Volume 21, Number 1—January 2015

Page created: December 17, 2014
Page updated: December 17, 2014
Page reviewed: December 17, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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