Volume 21, Number 12—December 2015
Suggested citation for this article
From the Greek lepros, “scaly,” leprosy is a chronic infectious disease of man caused by Mycobacterium leprae and principally affects the peripheral nerves and skin (Figure). The earliest known skeletal evidence for leprosy has been found in India and dates to 2000
Norwegian physician Armauer Hansen identified the causative agent, Mycobacterium leprae, in 1873; however, it was successfully identified as a bacterium only in 1879 by a young German physician, Albert Neisser, who attempted to take credit for the discovery. Today, leprosy is also known as Hansen disease.
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- Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
- Hulse EV. Leprosy and ancient Egypt. Lancet. 1972;2:1203–4 . DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Robbins G, Tripathy VM, Misra VN, Mohanty RK, Shinde VS, Gray KM, Ancient skeletal evidence for leprosy in India (2000 B.C.). PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e5669 . DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar
Suggested citation for this article: Etymologia: Leprosy. Emerg Infect Dis 2015 Dec [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2112.ET2112
Table of Contents – Volume 21, Number 12—December 2015
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