Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 21, Number 3—March 2015
Letter

Rickettsial Infections in Monkeys, Malaysia

Sun Tee TayComments to Author , Fui Xian Koh, Kai Ling Kho, and Frankie Thomas Sitam
Author affiliations: University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (S.T. Tay, F.X. Koh, K.L. Kho); Department of Wildlife and National Parks Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur (F.T. Sitam)

Main Article

Figure

Phylogenetic relationships among various Anaplasma species, based on partial sequences of the 16S rRNA gene (1,263 bp). The dendrogram was constructed by using the neighbor-joining method in MEGA6 software (10) with the maximum composite likelihood substitution model and bootstrapping with 1,000 replicates. Rickettsia rickettsii (U11021) was used as an outgroup. Numbers in brackets are GenBank accession numbers. Representative Malaysian A. bovis sequences were deposited into the GenBank database

Figure. Phylogenetic relationships among various Anaplasma species, based on partial sequences of the 16S rRNA gene (1,263 bp). The dendrogram was constructed by using the neighbor-joining method in MEGA6 software (10) with the maximum composite likelihood substitution model and bootstrapping with 1,000 replicates. Rickettsia rickettsii (U11021) was used as an outgroup. Numbers in brackets are GenBank accession numbers. Representative Malaysian A. bovis sequences were deposited into the GenBank database under accession nos. KM114611–3. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.

Main Article

References
  1. Gumert  MD. The common monkey of Southeast Asia: long-tailed macaque populations, ethnophoresy, and their occurrence in human environments. In: Fuentes A, Gumert M, Jones-Engel L, editors. Monkeys on the edge: ecology and management of long-tailed macaques and their interface with humans. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2011. p. 3–12.
  2. Maggi  RG, Mascarelli  PE, Balakrishnan  N, Rohde  CM, Kelly  CM, Ramaiah  L, “Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomacaque” and Bartonella quintana bacteremia in cynomolgus monkeys. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51:140811. DOIPubMed
  3. Tay  ST, Mokhtar  AS, Low  KC, Mohd Zain  SN, Jeffery  J, Abdul Aziz  N, Identification of rickettsiae from wild rats and cat fleas in Malaysia. Med Vet Entomol. 2014;28(Suppl 1):1048. DOIPubMed
  4. Parola  P. Rickettsia felis: from a rare disease in the USA to a common cause of fever in sub-Saharan Africa. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17:9961000. DOIPubMed
  5. Odhiambo  AM, Maina  AN, Taylor  ML, Jiang  J, Richards  AL. Development and validation of a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay specific for the detection of Rickettsia felis and not Rickettsia felis–like organisms. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2014;14:47681 . DOIPubMed
  6. Dumler  JS, Barbet  AF, Bekker  CP, Dasch  GA, Palmer  GH, Ray  SC, Reorganization of genera in the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiales: unification of some species of Ehrlichia with Anaplasma, Cowdria with Ehrlichia and Ehrlichia with Neorickettsia, descriptions of six new species combinations and designation of Ehrlichia equi and ‘HGE agent’ as subjective synonyms of Ehrlichia phagocytophila. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:214565. DOIPubMed
  7. Krawczak  FS, Nieri-Bastos  FA, Nunes  FP, Soares  JF, Moraes-Filho  J, Labruna  MB. Rickettsial infection in Amblyomma cajennense ticks and capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) in a Brazilian spotted fever–endemic area. Parasit Vectors. 2014;7:7.
  8. Parola  F, Roux  V, Camicas  JL, Baradji  I, Brouqui  P, Raoult  D. Detection of ehrlichiae in African ticks by polymerase chain reaction. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000;94:7078. DOIPubMed
  9. Pinyoowong  D, Jittapalapong  S, Suksawat  F, Stich  RW, Thamchaipenet  A. Molecular characterization of Thai Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys strains detected in dogs. Infect Genet Evol. 2008;8:4338. DOIPubMed
  10. Tamura  K, Stecher  G, Peterson  D, Filipski  A, Kumar  S. MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Mol Biol Evol. 2013;30:27259. DOIPubMed

Main Article

Page created: February 18, 2015
Page updated: February 18, 2015
Page reviewed: February 18, 2015
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external