Canine Distemper in Endangered Ethiopian Wolves
Christopher H. Gordon, Ashley Banyard
, Alo Hussein, M. Karen Laurenson, James R. Malcolm, Jorgelina Marino, Fekede Regassa, Anne-Marie E. Stewart, Anthony R. Fooks, and Claudio Sillero-Zubiri
Author affiliations: Zoological Society of London, London, UK (C.H. Gordon); University of Oxford, Tubney, UK (C.H. Gordon, J. Marino, A.-M.E. Stewart, C. Sillero-Zubiri); Animal and Plant Health Agency, New Haw, UK (A.C. Banyard, A.R. Fooks); Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Programme, Bale Robe, Ethiopia (A. Hussein, J. Marino, A.-M.E. Stewart, C. Sillero-Zubiri); Frankfurt Zoological Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (M.K. Laurenson); University of Redlands, Redlands, California, USA (J.R. Malcolm); Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Addis Ababa (F. Regassa); University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK (A.R. Fooks)
Figure 4. Density of adult and subadult Ethiopian wolf population in Web Valley, Ethiopia, 2002–2013. Dots indicate wolf population estimates at different time points; arrows indicate known rabies epizootics and canine distemper virus outbreaks in this study. Of 7 wolf packs in Web Valley, 4 went extinct after the 2010 canine distemper virus outbreak; in 2011, two new packs formed in the area.
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