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Volume 21, Number 5—May 2015
Etymologia

Etymologia: Balamuthia mandrillaris

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Balamuthia mandrillaris [balʺə-mooʹthe-ə manʺdril-aʹris]

A free-living ameba naturally found in the environment, Balamuthia mandrillaris can cause a serious infection of the brain, other organs (skin, liver, kidneys), and rarely, spinal cord. Originally isolated from the brain of a mandrill that died of meningoencephalitis at the San Diego Zoo, Balamuthia mandrillaris is named for the late professor William Balamuth of the University of California at Berkeley, for his contributions to the study of amebae. More recently, B. mandrillaris has been shown to be transmissible through organ transplantation.

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References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Balamuthia mandrillaris – granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE) [cited 2015 Feb 10]. http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/balamuthia/
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Balamuthia mandrillaris transmitted through organ transplantation—Mississippi, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59:116570 .PubMed
  3. Schuster  FL. In memoriam: William Balamuth (1914–1981). J Protozool. 1982;29:12 . DOIPubMed
  4. Visvesvara  GS, Schuster  FL, Martinez  AJ. Balamuthia mandrillaris, n. g., n. sp., agent of amebic meningoencephalitis in humans and other animals. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 1993;40:50414. DOIPubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2105.et2105

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Table of Contents – Volume 21, Number 5—May 2015

Page created: April 18, 2015
Page updated: April 18, 2015
Page reviewed: April 18, 2015
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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