Volume 21, Number 5—May 2015
Etymologia: Balamuthia mandrillaris
A free-living ameba naturally found in the environment, Balamuthia mandrillaris can cause a serious infection of the brain, other organs (skin, liver, kidneys), and rarely, spinal cord. Originally isolated from the brain of a mandrill that died of meningoencephalitis at the San Diego Zoo, Balamuthia mandrillaris is named for the late professor William Balamuth of the University of California at Berkeley, for his contributions to the study of amebae. More recently, B. mandrillaris has been shown to be transmissible through organ transplantation.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Balamuthia mandrillaris – granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE) [cited 2015 Feb 10]. http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/balamuthia/
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Balamuthia mandrillaris transmitted through organ transplantation—Mississippi, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59:1165–70 .
- Schuster FL. In memoriam: William Balamuth (1914–1981). J Protozool. 1982;29:1–2 .
- Visvesvara GS, Schuster FL, Martinez AJ. Balamuthia mandrillaris, n. g., n. sp., agent of amebic meningoencephalitis in humans and other animals. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 1993;40:504–14.