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Volume 21, Number 8—August 2015

Transmission Models of Historical Ebola Outbreaks

John M. Drake, Iurii Bakach1, Matthew R. Just1, Suzanne M. O’Regan, Manoj Gambhir, and Isaac Chun-Hai FungComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA (J.M. Drake, S.M. O’Regan); Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia, USA (I. Bakach, M.R. Just, I.C.-H. Fung); Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (M. Gambhir)

Main Article

Table 1

Compartmental models of historical Ebola virus outbreaks

Feature Model
Chowell et al. (1) Lekone and Finkenstädt (4) Legrand et al. (5)
DRC 1995, Uganda 2000†
DRC 1995‡
DRC 1995, Uganda 2000§
Homogeneous random mixing Yes Yes Yes
All human-to-human contact
Nosocomial transmission No No Yes
Burial transmission
No. transmission parameters
2 (preintervention decays to postintervention)
1 (decay to 0)
3 (community, nosocomial, burial)
Distribution Exponential Geometric Exponential
Underreporting accounted for No No No

*The DRC outbreak was caused by the Zaire strain; the Uganda outbreak was caused by the Sudan strain. DRC, Democratic Republic of Congo.
†Data sources: DRC 1995 (2), Uganda 2000 (3).
‡Data source: DRC 1995 (2).
§Data sources: DRC 1995 (2,6–8), Uganda 2000 (3,9).

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: July 15, 2015
Page updated: July 15, 2015
Page reviewed: July 15, 2015
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