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Volume 21, Number 8—August 2015
Etymologia

Etymologia: Escherichia coli

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Escherichia coli [eshʺə-rikʹe-ə coʹlī]

A gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic rod, Escherichia coli was named for Theodor Escherich, a German-Austrian pediatrician. Escherich isolated a variety of bacteria from infant fecal samples by using his own anaerobic culture methods and Hans Christian Gram’s new staining technique. Escherich originally named the common colon bacillus Bacterium coli commune. Castellani and Chalmers proposed the name E. coli in 1919, but it was not officially recognized until 1958.

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References

  1. Oberbauer  BA. Theodor Escherich—Leben und Werk. Munich: Futuramed-Verlag; 1992.
  2. Shulman  ST, Friedmann  HC, Sims  RH. Theodor Escherich: the first pediatric infectious diseases physician? Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:10259 . DOIPubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2108.et2108

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Table of Contents – Volume 21, Number 8—August 2015

Page created: July 14, 2015
Page updated: July 14, 2015
Page reviewed: July 14, 2015
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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