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Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016
Etymologia

Etymologia: Methylotroph

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Methylotroph [methʹil-o-trofʺ]

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Thumbnail of Methylomonas methanica

Figure. Methylomonas methanica

From the Greek, methy, “wine,” plus trophē, “food,” methylotrophs (Figure) are a diverse group of bacteria that can synthesize all their cell constituents from reduced single-carbon compounds, such as methanol or methane, or multicarbon compounds with no carbon–carbon bonds. The first methylotroph, Methylomonas methanica, was described (as Bacillus methanicus) grown aerobically on methane by Söhngen in 1906.

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References

  1. Dalton  H. The Leeuwenhoek lecture 2000. The natural and unnatural history of methane-oxidizing bacteria. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2005;360:120722. DOIPubMed
  2. Söhngen  NL. Use of methane from carbon as a food and energy source for bacteria [in German] [Abt II]. Zentralbl Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. 1906;15:5137.

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2203.et2203

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Table of Contents – Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Page created: January 28, 2016
Page updated: January 28, 2016
Page reviewed: January 28, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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