Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016
From the Greek, methy, “wine,” plus trophē, “food,” methylotrophs (Figure) are a diverse group of bacteria that can synthesize all their cell constituents from reduced single-carbon compounds, such as methanol or methane, or multicarbon compounds with no carbon–carbon bonds. The first methylotroph, Methylomonas methanica, was described (as Bacillus methanicus) grown aerobically on methane by Söhngen in 1906.
- Dalton H. The Leeuwenhoek lecture 2000. The natural and unnatural history of methane-oxidizing bacteria. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2005;360:1207–22.
- Söhngen NL. Use of methane from carbon as a food and energy source for bacteria [in German] [Abt II]. Zentralbl Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. 1906;15:513–7.