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Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016
Etymologia

Etymologia: Orthobunyavirus

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Orthobunyavirus [orʺtho-bunʹyə-viʺrəs]

The largest genus in the family Bunyaviridae, the genus Orthobunyavirus was originally named Bunyavirus, for the type species Bunyamwera virus, first isolated in 1943 from the eponymous town in western Uganda. Originally, the vernacular term “bunyavirus” was used for viruses in this genus, but as more genera were added to Bunyaviridae (there are currently 5), confusion arose over whether “bunyavirus” referred to members of the genus Bunyavirus or family Bunyaviridae.

In 1995, the Bunyaviridae Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses recommended adding the prefix “ortho-” (Greek for “correct”) to the genus name (C. Calisher, pers. comm.) to prevent confusion. Two orthobunyaviruses reported on in this issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases are Inkoo virus and Chatanga virus (named for the towns of Inkoo, Finland, and Khatanga, Russia, respectively, where they were first isolated).

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References

  1. Calisher  CH. History, classification, and taxonomy of viruses in the family Bunyaviridae. In: Elliott RM, ed. The Bunyaviridae. Glasgow; 1996. p. 1–19.
  2. Elliott  RM. Orthobunyaviruses: recent genetic and structural insights. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2014;12:67385 and .DOIPubMed
  3. Elliot  RM, Schmaljohn  CS. Bunyaviridae. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, eds. Fields Virology. 6th ed. Philadelphia; 2013. p. 1244–82.
  4. King  AM, Adams  MJ, Carstens  EB, Lefkowitz  EJ, editors. Virus taxonomy, classification and nomenclature of viruses. Ninth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. London: Academic Press; 2011.

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2205.et2205

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Table of Contents – Volume 22, Number 5—May 2016

Page created: April 13, 2016
Page updated: April 13, 2016
Page reviewed: April 13, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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