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Volume 22, Number 6—June 2016

Reemergence of Dengue in Southern Texas, 2013

Dana Thomas, Gilberto A. Santiago, Roman Abeyta, Steven Hinojosa, Brenda Torres-Velasquez, Jessica K. Adam, Nicole Evert, Elba Caraballo, Elizabeth Hunsperger, Jorge L. Muñoz-Jordán, Brian Smith, Alison Banicki, Kay M. Tomashek, Linda Gaul, and Tyler M. SharpComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico (D.L. Thomas, G.A. Santiago, B. Torres-Velasquez, E. Caraballo, E. Hunsperger, J.L. Muñoz-Jordán, K.M. Tomashek, T.M. Sharp); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (D.L. Thomas, J.K. Adam); Cameron County Health Department, Harlingen, Texas, USA (R. Abeyta); Texas Department of State Health Services, Harlingen (R. Abeyta, B. Smith); Hidalgo County Health and Human Services, Edinburg, Texas, USA (S. Hinojosa); Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, San Diego, California, USA (J.K. Adam); Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, USA (N. Evert, A. Banicki, L. Gaul)

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Characteristics of households and household members with evidence of intrahousehold transmission of DENV, southern Texas, 2013*

Characteristics No evidence of intrahousehold transmission, n = 9† Evidence of intrahousehold transmission, n = 6†

No. residents, mean (range) 2 (2–6) 4 (3–5)
Ratio of adults:children, mean (range) 0.8 (0.2–1) 2.8 (1–4)
Recent visitors from Mexico, no. (%)‡ 4 (44) 1 (17)
Window screens, no. (%) 8 (89) 4 (67)
Air-conditioning, no. (%) 7 (78) 6 (100)
Mosquitoes recently seen in house, no. (%)
7 (78)
2 (33)
Household members No evidence of recent DENV infection, n = 44 Evidence of recent DENV infection, n = 7
Age, y, median (range) 26 (1.4–71) 45 (3–79)
Portion of life lived in Mexico, mean % (range) 42 (0–96) 33 (0–71)
Recent travel to Mexico, no. (%)‡ 25 (57) 1 (14)
Recently used mosquito repellant, no. (%)‡ 27 (61) 4 (57)
Recent febrile illness, no. (%)‡ 0 (0) 1 (14)

*DENV, dengue virus.
†7 households were excluded from analysis because not all household members provided a serum specimen for diagnostic testing and therefore could not be confidently defined as not having evidence of intrahousehold transmission.
‡Within past 3 mo.

Main Article

Page created: May 16, 2016
Page updated: May 16, 2016
Page reviewed: May 16, 2016
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.