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Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016

Dispatch

Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Dromedaries, North and East Africa, United Arab Emirates, and Pakistan, 1983–2015

Andrea Rasche, Muhammad Saqib, Anne M. Liljander, Set Bornstein, Ali Zohaib, Stefanie Renneker, Katja Steinhagen, Renate Wernery, Mario Younan, Ilona Gluecks, Mosaad Hilali, Bakri E. Musa, Joerg Jores, Ulrich Wernery, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Christian DrostenComments to Author , and Victor Max Corman
Author affiliations: University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany (A. Rasche, J.F. Drexler, C. Drosten, V.M. Corman); University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan (M. Saqib, A. Zohaib); International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya (A.M. Liljander, J. Jores); National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden (S. Bornstein); EUROIMMUN AG, Lübeck, Germany (S. Renneker, K. Steinhagen); Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (R. Wernery, U. Wernery); Vétérinaires Sans Frontières Germany, Nairobi (M. Younan, I. Gluecks); Cairo University, Giza, Egypt (M. Hilali); Ministry of Science and Communication, Khartoum, Sudan (B.E. Musa); University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland (J. Jores); German Centre for Infection Research, Bonn (J.F. Drexler, C. Drosten, V.M. Corman)

Main Article

Figure 1

Six countries studied for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in dromedary camels, 1983–2015. Number of tested and number of HEV-7 RNA-positive samples or Ab-positive samples are given next to the study sites: Egypt, Sudan (today separated into Sudan and South Sudan), Kenya, Somalia, UAE, and Pakistan. Countries with both HEV-7 RNA and Ab detection are in red; countries with only Ab detection are in orange. Ab, antibody; UAE, United Arab Emirates; Map was created by using Quantum GIS (http://qgis.

Figure 1. Six countries studied for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in dromedary camels, 1983–2015. Number of tested and number of HEV-7 RNA-positive samples or Ab-positive samples are given next to the study sites: Egypt, Sudan (today separated into Sudan and South Sudan), Kenya, Somalia, UAE, and Pakistan. Countries with both HEV-7 RNA and Ab detection are in yellow; countries with only Ab detection are in orange. Ab, antibody; UAE, United Arab Emirates; Map was created by using Quantum GIS (http://qgis.osgeo.org) and data from http://www.naturalearthdata.com.

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