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Volume 22, Number 9—September 2016
Research

Travel- and Community-Based Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Lineage among International Orthodox Jewish Communities

Kate S. Baker, Timothy J. Dallman, Adi Behar, François-Xavier Weill, Malika Gouali, Jeremy Sobel, Maria Fookes, Lea Valinsky, Ohad Gal-Mor, Thomas Connor, Israel Nissan, Sophie Bertrand, Julian Parkhill, Claire Jenkins, Dani Cohen, and Nicholas R. ThomsonComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK (K.S. Baker); Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, UK (K.S. Baker, M. Fookes, J. Parkhill, N.R. Thomson); Public Health England, London, UK (T.J. Dallman, C. Jenkins); Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan, Israel (A. Behar); Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (F.X. Weill, M. Gouali); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (J. Sobel); Ministry of Health, Tel Aviv, Israel (L. Valinsky, I. Nissan); Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (O. Gal-Mor, D. Cohen); Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK (T.R. Connor); Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium (S. Bertrand); The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London (N.R. Thomson)

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Table 1

Origins of Shigella sonnei isolates used to track travel- and community-based transmission of multidrug-resistant Shigella sonnei among international Orthodox Jewish communities*

Region/community Country Year(s) Details References No. isolates
Europe OJCs Belgium 2008 Outbreak (22) 3
France 1996–2014 Multiple outbreaks This study, (21) 64

United Kingdom
2006–2014
Multiple outbreaks
This study, (23)
101
Europe non-OJCs
United Kingdom
2008–2014
Matched (time and phage-type) non-OJC cases
This study
45
United States and Canada OJCs
United States
1994–1995
Outbreak
(24)
3
Israel†
Israel
2000–2014
Sentinel laboratory surveillance
This study, (19)
221
Global context
Multiple
1943–2008
Used for background
(16)
118
Total
555
*OJC, Orthodox Jewish communities.
†90% known OJC ethnicity.

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Page updated: August 16, 2016
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