Travel- and Community-Based Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Lineage among International Orthodox Jewish Communities
Kate S. Baker, Timothy J. Dallman, Adi Behar, François-Xavier Weill, Malika Gouali, Jeremy Sobel, Maria Fookes, Lea Valinsky, Ohad Gal-Mor, Thomas Connor, Israel Nissan, Sophie Bertrand, Julian Parkhill, Claire Jenkins, Dani Cohen, and Nicholas R. Thomson
Author affiliations: University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK (K.S. Baker); Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, UK (K.S. Baker, M. Fookes, J. Parkhill, N.R. Thomson); Public Health England, London, UK (T.J. Dallman, C. Jenkins); Kimron Veterinary Institute, Bet Dagan, Israel (A. Behar); Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (F.X. Weill, M. Gouali); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (J. Sobel); Ministry of Health, Tel Aviv, Israel (L. Valinsky, I. Nissan); Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (O. Gal-Mor, D. Cohen); Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK (T.R. Connor); Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium (S. Bertrand); The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London (N.R. Thomson)
Figure 1. Origin and year of collection for 437 clinical isolates collected and sequenced from different countries and patient communities as part of study of travel- and community-based transmission of multidrug-resistant Shigella sonnei among international OJCs. Non-OJC samples were isolated from samples in the United Kingdom that were phage-type and temporally matched to isolates from OJCs in the United Kingdom (Technical Appendix 2
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