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Volume 23, Number 1—January 2017

Oral Cholera Vaccine Coverage during an Outbreak and Humanitarian Crisis, Iraq, 2015

Eugene Lam1Comments to Author , Wasan Al-Tamimi, Steven Paul Russell, Muhammad Obaid-ul Islam Butt, Curtis Blanton, Altaf Sadrudin Musani, and Kashmira A. Date
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (E. Lam, S.P. Russell, C. Blanton, K. Date); World Health Organization, Baghdad, Iraq (W. Al-Tamimi, M.O.I. Butt, A.S. Musani)

Main Article

Table 1

Individual and household characteristics for oral cholera vaccination survey respondents in refugee camps, internally displaced persons camps, and collective centers targeted for vaccination, Iraq, 2015

Characteristic No. Weighted estimate, % (95% CI)
Individual level, n = 5,007
Male 2,487 49 (47–51)
Female 2,500 51 (49–53)
Age, years
1–4 650 10 (9–11)
5–14 1,235 21 (19–24)
69 (66–71)
Household level, n = 1,226
Water sources*
Unimproved primary water source 458 12 (10–14)
Unimproved secondary water source 666 36 (31–42)
Sanitation facilities
Unimproved† 85 4 (2–6)
Shared with >4 other households 366 22 (18–26)
Lacked soap for handwashing 86 4 (2–7)

*Unimproved water sources include unprotected well; unprotected spring water; river, stream, lake, irrigation, or canal water; bottled water; water truck; and water vendor.
†Unimproved sanitation sources include pit latrines without cement slab; bucket toilet; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; and canal, open, bush, and field defecation.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Bureau of Immunization, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA.

Page created: December 14, 2016
Page updated: December 14, 2016
Page reviewed: December 14, 2016
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