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Volume 23, Number 4—April 2017
Etymologia

Etymologia: Sparganosis

Ronnie HenryComments to Author 

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Sparganosis [spahrʺge-noʹsis]

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Thumbnail of Histopathology of Sparganum proliferum infection. Public Image Health Library, CDC, 1962.

Figure. Histopathology of Sparganum proliferum infection. Public Image Health Library, Centers for Disease Control, 1962.

Sparganosis (Figure) refers to tissue infection with the pleurocercoid larvae of the genera Diphyllobothrium (from the Greek di [“two”] + phyllon [“leaf”] + bothrion [“pit”]) or Spirometra (from the Greek speira [“coil”] + metra [“uterus”]). Sparganum (from the Greek sparganon [“swaddling clothes”]) was originally described in 1854 by Diesing as a separate species but is now used generically to describe the larval stage of these cestodes.

The first human case was reported by Sir Patrick Manson in China in 1882, and 2 species (S. mansoni and S. mansonoides) are named for him. Sparganosis is most common in Asia where frogs or snakes are more commonly eaten or where traditional medicinal practices call for the use of raw frog or snake meat in poultices, although recent reports indicate it occurs in in some populations in Africa.

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References

  1. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  2. Eberhard  ML, Thiele  EA, Yembo  GE, Yibi  MS, Cama  VA, Ruiz-Tiben  E. Thirty-seven human cases of sparganosis from Ethiopia and South Sudan caused by Spirometra spp. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;93:3505. DOIPubMed
  3. Fantham  HB, Stephens  JW, Theobald  FV. The animal parasites of man. New York: William Wood and Company; 1920.
  4. Lescano  AG, Zunt  J. Other cestodes: sparganosis, coenurosis and Taenia crassiceps cysticercosis. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013;114:33545. DOIPubMed

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid2304.et2304

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Table of Contents – Volume 23, Number 4—April 2017

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Ronnie Henry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E03, Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA

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Page created: March 17, 2017
Page updated: March 17, 2017
Page reviewed: March 17, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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