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Volume 24, Number 10—October 2018

Influenza C Virus in Cattle with Respiratory Disease, United States, 2016–2018

Hewei Zhang, Elizabeth Porter, Molly Lohman, Nanyan Lu, Lalitha Peddireddi, Gregg Hanzlicek, Douglas Marthaler, Xuming LiuComments to Author , and Jianfa BaiComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plant Sciences, Changchun, China (H. Zhang); Kansas State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Manhattan, Kansas, USA (H. Zhang, E. Porter, M. Lohman, N. Lu, L. Peddireddi, G. Hanzlicek, D. Marthaler, X. Liu, J. Bai)

Main Article

Table 1

Cycle thresholds for ICV and other bovine respiratory pathogens in 12 ICV strong positive samples from cattle with respiratory disease, United States, October 2016–January 2018*

ID no. State ICV BVDV BHV-1 BRSV BCoV IDV Mycoplasma bovis Mannheimia haemolytica Pasteurella multocida Histophilus somni Bibersteinia trehalosi
ICV1† TX 29.95 36.77 39.41
ICV2† OK 23.92 24.25 29.17 31.30 31.32
ICV3† OK 21.02 38.93 27.00 29.15 31.40 NT NT NT NT
ICV4‡ OK 29.98 24.54 31.33 31.05
ICV5† MO 24.47 34.98 30.12 28.00 24.40 34.00
ICV6† CO 26.91 30.25 32.78 29.60 30.00 35.00
ICV12† MT 15.81 22.87 25.70
ICV16‡ NE 27.18 16.44 28.47
ICV18† MN 30.58 35.06
ICV20‡ KS 27.92 23.49
ICV21‡ KS 26.72 35.59 25.67 30.95 28.47
ICV22† MT 25.08 20.24 35.58 35.64

*BCoV, bovine respiratory corona virus; BHV-1, bovine herpesvirus 1; BRSV, bovine respiratory syncytial virus; BVDV, bovine viral diarrhea virus; ICV, influenza C virus; ID, identification; IDV, influenza D virus; NT, not tested (sample used up); –, negative.
†Nasal swab sample used in analysis.
‡Lung sample used in analysis.

Main Article

Page created: September 16, 2018
Page updated: September 16, 2018
Page reviewed: September 16, 2018
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.