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Volume 24, Number 7—July 2018

Global Distribution of Human Protoparvoviruses

Elina Väisänen, Ushanandini Mohanraj, Paula M. Kinnunen1, Pikka Jokelainen, Haider Al-Hello, Ali M. Barakat, Mohammadreza Sadeghi2, Farid A. Jalilian, Amir Majlesi, Moses Masika, Dufton Mwaengo, Omu Anzala, Eric Delwart, Olli Vapalahti, Klaus Hedman, and Maria Söderlund-VenermoComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (E. Väisänen, U. Mohanraj, P.M. Kinnunen, P. Jokelainen, O. Vapalahti, K. Hedman, M. Söderlund-Venermo); Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark (P. Jokelainen); Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia (P. Jokelainen); National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki (H. Al-Hello); Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital, Thi-Qar Governorate, Iraq (A.M. Barakat); Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA (M. Sadeghi, E. Delwart); University of California, San Francisco (M. Sadeghi, E. Delwart); Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran (F.A. Jalilian, A. Majlesi); University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya (M. Masika, D. Mwaengo, O. Anzala); Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki (O. Vapalahti, K. Hedman)

Main Article

Table 3

Seroprevalence of bufavirus IgG in adult cohorts, by age, in study of global distribution of human protoparvoviruses*

Cohort Age group, y No. persons No. (%) bufavirus IgG+ (95% CI) p value Mean age, y (range)
Finland <40 165 1 (0.6) (0.0–3.7) 0.096 31.6 (19–39)
>40 149 5 (3.4) (1.2–7.8) 49.7 (40–79)
United States <40 38 1 (2.6) (0.0–14.7) 0.731 26.4 (18–39)
>40 46 2 (4.3) (0.4–15.3) 53.5 (40–72)
Iraq <40 45 40 (88.9) (76.1–95.6) 0.325 30.8 (18–39)
>40 54 44 (81.5) (69.0–89.8) 47.2 (40–60)
Iran <40 54 21 (38.9) (27.0–52.2) 0.0003 30.1 (18–39)
>40 53 39 (73.6) (60.3–83.7) 55.0 (40–77)
Kenya <40 52 37 (71.2) (57.7–81.8) 0.890 29.5 (18–39)
>40 65 47 (72.3) (60.4–81.8) 54.3 (40–88)

*The exact age of 2 adults from Kenya and 10 veterinarians from Finland were not known and they were excluded from the analysis. However, the 2 Kenyans were defined as adults in the overall prevalence calculations on the basis of education and marital status in the questionnaire. All veterinarians were defined as adults on the basis of work-related sample collection site. +, positive.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki, Finland.

2Current affiliation: University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Page created: June 18, 2018
Page updated: June 18, 2018
Page reviewed: June 18, 2018
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