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Volume 25, Number 1—January 2019

Prescription of Antibacterial Drugs for HIV-Exposed, Uninfected Infants, Malawi, 2004–2010

Alexander C. EwingComments to Author , Nicole L. Davis, Dumbani Kayira, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Charles van der Horst, Denise J. Jamieson, Athena P. Kourtis, and for the BreastfeedingAntiretrovirals and Nutrition study team
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.C. Ewing, N.L. Davis, D.J. Jamieson, A.P. Kourtis); University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi (D. Kayira); University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA (M.C. Hosseinipour, C. van der Horst)

Main Article

Table 5

Cox proportional hazard ratio estimates for associations between prescriptions for antibacterial drugs and other variables in the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition study, Malawi 2004–2010

Factor Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy 0.57 (0.52–0.61)
Malaria season (Oct–Apr)
0.98 (0.91–1.05)
Treatment group
Maternal antiretrovirals 0.85 (0.78–0.93)
Infant nevirapine
0.90 (0.82–0.98)
Nutritional supplement 1.05 (0.98–1.12)
Maternal CD4+ T-cell count at delivery, cells/μL 1.15 (0.96–1.38)
Maternal HIV viral load during pregnancy, log copies/mL 1.02 (1.003–1.04)
Maternal age, y
1.01 (0.998–1.01)
Maternal education
None Reference
Primary 0.92 (0.83–1.03)
Secondary 0.99 (0.89–1.11)
0.93 (0.65–1.32)
Male sex 1.09 (1.02–1.17)
Infant birthweight, kg
1.17 (1.06–1.28)
Age category, mo
Birth–1 mo Reference
1–3 0.80 (0.67–0.95)
3–6 0.63 (0.53–0.76)
6–12 0.48 (0.40–0.58)

Main Article

1Team members are listed at the end of this article.

Page created: December 12, 2018
Page updated: December 12, 2018
Page reviewed: December 12, 2018
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