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Volume 25, Number 2—February 2019

Oasis Malaria, Northern Mauritania1

Jemila Deida, Rachida Tahar, Yacoub Ould Khalef, Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry, Abdoullah Hmeyade, Mohamed Lemine Ould Khairy, Frédéric Simard, Hervé Bogreau, Leonardo Basco, and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem BoukharyComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Unité Mixte de Recherche 216, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Université Paris 5, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France (J. Deida, R. Tahar); Université de Nouakchott Al-Aasriya, Nouakchott, Mauritania (J. Deida, K. Mint Lekweiry, A. Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary); Ministry of Health, Nouakchott (Y. Ould Khalef, M.L. Ould Khairy); Ministry of Health, Atar (A. Hmeyade); Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement–Centre National de Recherche Scientifique– Université Montpellier, Montpellier, France (F. Simard); Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Marseille (H. Bogreau); Centre National de Référence du Paludisme, Marseille (H. Bogreau); Aix Marseille Université, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Marseille, Service de Santé des Armées, Vecteurs–Infections Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, Marseille, France (H. Bogreau, L. Basco, A. Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary)

Main Article

Table 4

Malaria prevalence in 453 febrile patients, by ethnicity, Atar, northern Mauritania, 2015–2016

Ethnicity No. patients PCR-positive, no. (%) Plasmodium spp., no. (%)
P. vivax P. falciparum Mixed infection*
White Moors 352 129 (36.6) 96 (74.4) 4 (3.1) 29 (22.5)
Black Moors 89 26 (29.2) 19 (73.1) 0 7 (26.9)
Black Africans 10 6† (60.0) 5 (83.3) 0 1 (16.7)
1 (50.0)
1 (100)
Total 453 162 (35.8) 120 (74.1) 4 (2.5) 38 (23.5)

*P. falciparumP. vivax infection.
†The term “black Africans” refers to ethnic groups (Soninke and Pular [also known as Peul]) of African origin in Mauritania. These 6 patients include 4 persons of Pular ethnicity and 2 persons of Soninke ethnicity.
‡Includes 1 expatriate from India and 1 from Mali (Bambara ethnicity).

Main Article

1Preliminary results of this study were presented at the 7th Multilateral Initiative for Malaria (MIM) Pan African Malaria Conference, April 15–20, 2018, Dakar, Senegal.

Page created: January 18, 2019
Page updated: January 18, 2019
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