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Volume 25, Number 2—February 2019

Oasis Malaria, Northern Mauritania1

Jemila Deida, Rachida Tahar, Yacoub Ould Khalef, Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry, Abdoullah Hmeyade, Mohamed Lemine Ould Khairy, Frédéric Simard, Hervé Bogreau, Leonardo Basco, and Ali Ould Mohamed Salem BoukharyComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Unité Mixte de Recherche 216, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Université Paris 5, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France (J. Deida, R. Tahar); Université de Nouakchott Al-Aasriya, Nouakchott, Mauritania (J. Deida, K. Mint Lekweiry, A. Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary); Ministry of Health, Nouakchott (Y. Ould Khalef, M.L. Ould Khairy); Ministry of Health, Atar (A. Hmeyade); Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement–Centre National de Recherche Scientifique– Université Montpellier, Montpellier, France (F. Simard); Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Marseille (H. Bogreau); Centre National de Référence du Paludisme, Marseille (H. Bogreau); Aix Marseille Université, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Marseille, Service de Santé des Armées, Vecteurs–Infections Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, Marseille, France (H. Bogreau, L. Basco, A. Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary)

Main Article

Table 2

Proportions of malaria-positive results and Plasmodium species identified among 453 febrile patients, by diagnostic method, Atar, northern Mauritania, 2015–2016*

Plasmodium spp. Microscopic examination PCR
P. vivax 140 (90.9) 120 (74.1)
P. falciparum 4 (2.6) 4 (2.5)
P. falciparumP. vivax 0 38 (23.4)
P. ovale 10 (6.5) 0
Proportions of positive results 154/453 (34.0) 162/453 (35.8)

*Results are expressed as the number of malaria-positive samples and the proportions of malaria species among 154 samples positive by microscopic examination and 162 samples positive by PCR. Proportions of positive results denote the number of malaria-positive samples among all tested samples (n = 453). Rapid diagnostic tests were positive in a total of 108/453 (23.8%) patients and detected 92/108 (85.2%) non–P. falciparum only (i.e., P. vivax, P. ovale, and/or P. malariae) and 16/108 (14.8%) P. falciparum present (P. falciparum with or without P. vivax). PCR did not detect any P. ovale or P. malariae.

Main Article

1Preliminary results of this study were presented at the 7th Multilateral Initiative for Malaria (MIM) Pan African Malaria Conference, April 15–20, 2018, Dakar, Senegal.

Page created: January 18, 2019
Page updated: January 18, 2019
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