Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 25, Number 9—September 2019
Research

Theileria orientalis Ikeda Genotype in Cattle, Virginia, USA

Vanessa J. Oakes, Michael J. Yabsley, Diana Schwartz, Tanya LeRoith, Carolynn Bissett, Charles Broaddus, Jack L. Schlater, S. Michelle Todd, Katie M. Boes, Meghan Brookhart, and Kevin K. LahmersComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Virginia–Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA (V.J. Oakes, T. LeRoith, S.M. Todd, K.M. Boes, M. Brookhart, K.K. Lahmers); University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA (M.J. Yabsley); Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA (D. Schwartz); Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Richmond, Virginia, USA (C. Bissett, C. Broaddus); US Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa, USA (J.L. Schlater)

Main Article

Figure 3

Phylogenetic tree showing major piroplasm surface unit gene sequences for Theileria species. The tree uses reference sequences from the major genotypes for T. orientalis (4). Sequences from infected cattle in Virginia, USA, cluster with genotype 2 sequences. Numbers along branches are bootstrap values. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.

Figure 3. Phylogenetic tree showing major piroplasm surface unit gene sequences for Theileria species. The tree uses reference sequences from the major genotypes for T. orientalis (4). Sequences from infected cattle in Virginia, USA, cluster with genotype 2 sequences. Numbers along branches are bootstrap values. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.

Main Article

References
  1. Watts  JG, Playford  MC, Hickey  KL. Theileria orientalis: a review. N Z Vet J. 2016;64:39. DOIPubMed
  2. Gubbels  MJ, Hong  Y, van der Weide  M, Qi  B, Nijman  IJ, Guangyuan  L, et al. Molecular characterisation of the Theileria buffeli/orientalis group. Int J Parasitol. 2000;30:94352. DOIPubMed
  3. Bogema  DR, Micallef  ML, Liu  M, Padula  MP, Djordjevic  SP, Darling  AE, et al. Analysis of Theileria orientalis draft genome sequences reveals potential species-level divergence of the Ikeda, Chitose and Buffeli genotypes. BMC Genomics. 2018;19:298. DOIPubMed
  4. Sivakumar  T, Hayashida  K, Sugimoto  C, Yokoyama  N. Evolution and genetic diversity of Theileria. Infect Genet Evol. 2014;27:25063. DOIPubMed
  5. Yam  J, Bogema  DR, Jenkins  C. Oriental theileriosis. Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens. 2018;1–31 [cited 2019 Jun 3]. https://www.intechopen.com/books/ticks-and-tick-borne-pathogens/oriental-theileriosis
  6. Heath  A. Biology, ecology and distribution of the tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann (Acari: Ixodidae) in New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 2016;64:1020. DOIPubMed
  7. McFadden  AM, Vink  D, Pulford  DJ, Lawrence  K, Gias  E, Heath  AC, et al. Monitoring an epidemic of Theileria-associated bovine anaemia (Ikeda) in cattle herds in New Zealand. Prev Vet Med. 2016;125:317. DOIPubMed
  8. Jenkins  C. Bovine theileriosis: Molecular diagnosis and strain analyses. Meat and Livestock Australia Limited; 2017 Mar 16;1–111 [cited 2019 Jun 5]. https://www.mla.com.au/research-and-development/search-rd-reports/final-report-details/Animal-Health-and-Biosecurity/Bovine-theileriosis-Molecular-diagnosis-and-strain-analyses/3252
  9. Theileria Working Group. Theileria veterinary handbook 2; 2015. Wellington (New Zealand): Ministry for Primary Industries; 2015. p. 1–32 [cited 2019 Jun 3]. https://www.mpi.govt.nz/dmsdocument/9518-theileria-veterinary-handbook-2-august-2015
  10. Lawrence  KE, Lawrence  BL, Hickson  RE, Hewitt  CA, Gedye  KR, Fermin  LM, et al. Associations between Theileria orientalis Ikeda type infection and the growth rates and haematocrit of suckled beef calves in the North Island of New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 2019;67:6673. DOIPubMed
  11. Kamau  J, de Vos  AJ, Playford  M, Salim  B, Kinyanjui  P, Sugimoto  C. Emergence of new types of Theileria orientalis in Australian cattle and possible cause of theileriosis outbreaks. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:22. DOIPubMed
  12. Lawrence  KE, Sanson  RL, McFadden  AMJ, Pulford  DJ, Pomroy  WE. The effect of month, farm type and latitude on the level of anaemia associated with Theileria orientalis Ikeda type infection in New Zealand cattle naturally infected at pasture. Res Vet Sci. 2018;117:2338. DOIPubMed
  13. Rainey  T, Occi  JL, Robbins  RG, Egizi  A. Discovery of Haemaphysalis longicornis (Ixodida: Ixodidae) parasitizing a sheep in New Jersey, United States. J Med Entomol. 2018;55:7579. DOIPubMed
  14. Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service. Longhorned tick: information for livestock and pet owners. USDA. 2019 May [cited 2019 Jun 3]. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/fs-longhorned-tick.pdf
  15. Beard  CB, Occi  J, Bonilla  DL, Egizi  AM, Fonseca  DM, Mertins  JW, et al. Multistate infestation with the exotic disease-vector tick Haemaphysalis longicornis—United States, August 2017–September 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67:13103. DOIPubMed
  16. Chen  Z, Yang  X, Bu  F, Yang  X, Liu  J. Morphological, biological and molecular characteristics of bisexual and parthenogenetic Haemaphysalis longicornis. Vet Parasitol. 2012;189:34452. DOIPubMed
  17. Cossio-Bayugar  R, Pillars  R, Schlater  J, Holman  PJ. Theileria buffeli infection of a Michigan cow confirmed by small subunit ribosomal RNA gene analysis. Vet Parasitol. 2002;105:10510. DOIPubMed
  18. Stockham  SL, Kjemtrup  AM, Conrad  PA, Schmidt  DA, Scott  MA, Robinson  TW, et al. Theileriosis in a Missouri beef herd caused by Theileria buffeli: case report, herd investigation, ultrastructure, phylogenetic analysis, and experimental transmission. Vet Pathol. 2000;37:1121. DOIPubMed
  19. Kubota  S, Sugimoto  C, Kakuda  T, Onuma  M. Analysis of immunodominant piroplasm surface antigen alleles in mixed populations of Theileria sergenti and T. buffeli. Int J Parasitol. 1996;26:7417. DOIPubMed
  20. Kamau  J, Salim  B, Yokoyama  N, Kinyanjui  P, Sugimoto  C. Rapid discrimination and quantification of Theileria orientalis types using ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:40714. DOIPubMed
  21. Carelli  G, Decaro  N, Lorusso  A, Elia  G, Lorusso  E, Mari  V, et al. Detection and quantification of Anaplasma marginale DNA in blood samples of cattle by real-time PCR. Vet Microbiol. 2007;124:10714. DOIPubMed
  22. Kakuda  T, Shiki  M, Kubota  S, Sugimoto  C, Brown  WC, Kosum  C, et al. Phylogeny of benign Theileria species from cattle in Thailand, China and the U.S.A. based on the major piroplasm surface protein and small subunit ribosomal RNA genes. Int J Parasitol. 1998;28:12617. DOIPubMed
  23. USDA National Agriculture Statistics Service. Cattle county estimates—January 1, 2017 [cited 2019 Mar 24]. https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Virginia/Publications/County_Estimates/Cattle17_VA.pdf
  24. Wagyu International. History of Wagyu exports from Japan; 2013 [cited 2010 Mar 25]. http://www.wagyuinternational.com/global_USA.php
  25. Rochlin  I. Modeling the Asian longhorned tick (Acari: Ixodidae) suitable habitat in North America. J Med Entomol. 2019;56:38491. DOIPubMed

Main Article

Page created: August 21, 2019
Page updated: August 21, 2019
Page reviewed: August 21, 2019
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
file_external