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Volume 26, Number 9—September 2020

Incidence and Seroprevalence of Avian Influenza in a Cohort of Backyard Poultry Growers, Egypt, August 2015–March 2019

Mokhtar R. Gomaa1, Amira S. El Rifay1, Dina Abu Zeid, Mona A. Elabd, Eman Elabd, Ahmed Kandeil, Noura M. Abo Shama, Mina N. Kamel, Mohamed A. Marouf, Ahmed Barakat, Samir Refaey, Amal Naguib, Pamela P. McKenzie, Richard J. Webby, Mohamed A. AliComments to Author , and Ghazi KayaliComments to Author 
Author affiliations: National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt (M.R. Gomaa, A.S. El Rifay, D. Abu Zeid, M.A. Elabd, E. Elabd, A. Kandeil, N.M. Abo Shama, M.N. Kamel, M.A. Marouf, M.A. Ali); Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt (A. Barakat); Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo (S. Refaey, A. Naguib); St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (P.P. McKenzie, R.J. Webby); Human Link, Hazmieh, Lebanon (G. Kayali); University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA (G. Kayali)

Main Article

Table 4

Poultry exposure data of participants in a study of avian influenza among backyard poultry growers, Egypt, August 2015–March 2019

Characteristic No. (%)*
What is the type of exposure you have with poultry?
Cleaning area where poultry is kept 671 (28.0)
Feeding poultry 366 (15.3)
Only walk through area where poultry is kept 300 (12.5)
Play in area where poultry is kept
347 (14.5)
Do you usually slaughter poultry?
Yes 694 (31.3)
1,526 (68.7)
Use of personal protective equipment while slaughtering poultry
Yes (apron, boots, dedicated garment, face mask, gloves) 75 (10.8)
619 (89.2)
Where is slaughtered poultry kept to bleed?
In a dedicated barrel 553 (79.6)
In a sink 45 (6.5)
On the floor inside the house 49 (7.1)
On the floor outside the house
47 (6.8)
Are tools cleaned after slaughtering?
Yes 684 (98.6)
10 (1.4)
How are tools cleaned?
Water only 103 (14.8)
Soap and water 539 (77.7)
52 (7.5)
Use of personal protective equipment while defeathering poultry
Yes (apron, boots, dedicated garment, face mask, gloves) 54 (7.8)
640 (92.2)
Method of disposing slaughtering waste
Place in a closed bag and throw in the trash 299 (45.7)
Feed to other animals 1 (0.2)
Throw in the trash without a bag 163 (24.9)
Throw in a water stream without a bag 191 (29.2)

*Totals do not add up to 2,402 for all characteristics because of missing data or structure of the question.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: June 15, 2020
Page updated: August 18, 2020
Page reviewed: August 18, 2020
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