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Volume 27, Number 9—September 2021

Human and Porcine Transmission of Clostridioides difficile Ribotype 078, Europe

Geraldine Moloney1Comments to Author , David W. Eyre1, Micheál Mac Aogáin, Máire C. McElroy, Alison Vaughan, Tim E.A. Peto, Derrick W. Crook, and Thomas R. Rogers
Author affiliations: Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (G. Moloney, M. Mac Aogáin, T.R. Rogers); University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (D.W. Eyre, A. Vaughan, T.E.A. Peto, D.W. Crook); Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Celbridge, Ireland (M.C. McElroy); St. James’s Hospital, Dublin (T.R. Rogers)

Main Article

Table 1

Countries from which Clostridioides difficile 078 isolates originated, their identified sources, and date of collection*

Origin and source of isolates Timeframe of collection No. isolates
Ireland (11)
HA-CDI 2012‒2016 48†
Porcine 2014–2015 20
2015 Apr–Jun
Netherlands (10)
CDI 2002–2011 31
Porcine 2009, 2011 20
Healthy farmers
EUCLID (8), HA-CDI 2012 Dec‒2013 Aug
Germany 9
Italy 7
United Kingdom 4
France 3
Portugal 3
Ireland 2
Spain 1
Greece 1
Austria 1

*CDI, C. difficile infection; EUCLID, European, Multi-Center, Prospective, Biannual, Point-Prevalence Study of Clostridium difficile Infection in Hospitalized Patients with Diarrhea; HA-CDI, hospital-associated CDI. †Includes 9 isolates from HA-CDI cases (11).

Main Article

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1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: June 07, 2021
Page updated: August 17, 2021
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