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Volume 27, Number 9—September 2021

Human and Porcine Transmission of Clostridioides difficile Ribotype 078, Europe

Geraldine Moloney1Comments to Author , David W. Eyre1, Micheál Mac Aogáin, Máire C. McElroy, Alison Vaughan, Tim E.A. Peto, Derrick W. Crook, and Thomas R. Rogers
Author affiliations: Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (G. Moloney, M. Mac Aogáin, T.R. Rogers); University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (D.W. Eyre, A. Vaughan, T.E.A. Peto, D.W. Crook); Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Celbridge, Ireland (M.C. McElroy); St. James’s Hospital, Dublin (T.R. Rogers)

Main Article

Table 2

Pairs of Clostridioides difficile ribotype 078 isolates matched by country of origin and source case, with associated epidemiology*

Country Source of isolate(s) Country 2 Source of isolate(s) No. pairs of isolates Associated epidemiology
Ireland CA-CDI Ireland CA-CDI 2 No known links
Ireland CA-CDI Ireland HA-CDI 2 No known links
Ireland HA-CDI Ireland HA-CDI 10 Possible transmission 6 pairs,† unknown for 4 pairs
Ireland Porcine Ireland HA-CDI 3 No known links
Ireland Porcine Ireland Porcine 12 8 pairs at 1 farm, 3 pairs at 1 farm, 1 pair at 1 farm, no pairs between farms
Ireland CA-CDI Italy HA-CDI 1 Unknown
Ireland HA-CDI United Kingdom HA-CDI 1 Unknown
Germany HA-CDI Germany HA-CDI 1 Unknown
Netherlands HA-CDI Netherlands HA-CDI 1 Unknown
Netherlands CDI Netherlands Farmer 1 No known links
Netherlands CDI Netherlands Porcine 1 No known links
Netherlands Farmer Netherlands Farmer 3 Unknown
Netherlands Farmer Netherlands Porcine 10 Farm exposures
Netherlands Porcine Netherlands Porcine 1 No known links
Portugal HA-CDI Portugal HA-CDI 1 Unknown

*CA-CDI, community-assocated C. difficile infection; HA-CDI, healthcare-associated C. difficile infection. †The 6 possible healthcare-associated transmission pairs shared time and space on the same hospital ward (n = 3) or time on different hospital wards while under the care of the same medical team (n = 3).

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: June 07, 2021
Page updated: August 17, 2021
Page reviewed: August 17, 2021
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