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Volume 28, Number 10—October 2022

Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola, Etiologic Agent of Snake Fungal Disease, in Europe since Late 1950s

Francesco C. OriggiComments to Author , Simone R.R. Pisano, Olivier Glaizot, Stefan T. Hertwig, Andreas Schmitz, and Sylvain Ursenbacher
Author affiliations: University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland (F.C. Origgi, S.R.R. Pisano, S.T. Hertwig); Museum of Zoology, Lausanne, Switzerland (O. Glaizot); University of Lausanne, Lausanne (O. Glaizot); Naturhistorisches Museum Burgergemeinde Bern, Bern (S.T. Hertwig); Natural History Museum of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (A. Schmitz); University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland (S. Ursenbacher); info fauna CSCF & karch, Neuchâtel, Switzerland (S. Ursenbacher).

Main Article

Table 1

Museum tissue samples from snakes of genuses Natrix and Vipera used in investigation of snake fungal disease in Europe*

Sample Museum Species ID Sex Year Location (country)
1 NMBE Natrix helvetica 1049780 F 2001 Erlach (Switzerland)
2† NMBE N. helvetica 1056184 NA 2007 Tavannes (Switzerland)
3‡ NMBE Vipera aspis 1072979 NA 2015 Grandvillars (Switzerland)
4 MHNG N. tessellata 1402.040 F 1972 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
5‡ MHNG N. natrix 851.077 NA NA NS (Czech Republic)
6 MHNG N. natrix 1342.87 NA 1963 Thurgau (Switzerland)
7 MHNG N. helvetica 1137.18 NA 1967 NS (Italy)
8† MHNG N. tessellata 1386.55 F 1969 Tessin (Switzerland)
9 MHNG N. helvetica 1397.21 NA 1959 NS (Italy)
10 MHNG N. helvetica 2430.91 NA 1986 Zurich (Switzerland)
11† MHNG N. maura 1199.084 F 1971 Haute-Savoie (France)
12 MHNG N. tessellata 1387.60 F 1961 Maggia (Switzerland)
13 MZL N. tessellata MZL41123 F 2008 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
14† MZL N. tessellata MZL30407 F 2007 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
15‡ MZL N. tessellata MZL41142 M 2009 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
16 MZL N. tessellata MZL30508 F 2007 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
17‡ MZL N. tessellata MZL40905 F 2012 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
18 MZL N. tessellata MZL31837 F 2010 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
19 MZL N. tessellata MZL30505 NA 2007 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
20 MZL N. tessellata MZL41144 F 2009 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
21† MZL N. tessellata MZL40911 F 2013 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)
22 MZL N. tessellata MZL31839 M 2010 Lake Geneva (Switzerland)

*Bold indicated PCR-positive samples with presence of fungal hyphae. MZL, Museum of Zoology, Lausanne; NMBE, Natural History Museum of Bern; MHNG, Natural History Museum of Geneva; NA, not available; NS, not specified. †PCR-negative samples with presence of fungal hyphae and with histological lesions similar to those observed in the PCR-positive samples. ‡PCR-negative samples with presence of fungal hyphae and with histological lesions dissimilar to those observed in the PCR-positive samples.

Main Article

Page created: July 31, 2022
Page updated: September 21, 2022
Page reviewed: September 21, 2022
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